Next Article in Journal
Striving to Be Different but Becoming the Same: Creativity and Destination Brands’ Promotional Videos
Previous Article in Journal
Agrivoltaics Align with Green New Deal Goals While Supporting Investment in the US’ Rural Economy
 
 
Article

Concrete Based on Clinker-Free Cement: Selecting the Functional Unit for Environmental Assessment

1
Department of Constructing Mining Enterprises and Underground Structures, Saint-Petersburg Mining University, 199106 Saint-Petersburg, Russia
2
Department of Building Materials and Technology, Emperor Alexander I St. Petersburg State Transport University, 190031 Saint-Petersburg, Russia
3
Materials Research Centre, Faculty of Chemistry, Brno University of Technology, CZ-61200 Brno, Czech Republic
4
State Key Laboratory of Silicate Materials for Architectures, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2021, 13(1), 135; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010135
Received: 19 November 2020 / Revised: 14 December 2020 / Accepted: 15 December 2020 / Published: 25 December 2020
Improving the environmental situation and obtaining cement composites with new properties for various operating conditions is possible with the use of secondary resources. The paper is devoted to the criteria for evaluating the impact of clinker-free cement on the environment. The methodological approach to the selection of a functional unit for comparative assessment of the ecological footprint of clinker-free cements is justified. The results of studying the properties determining the concrete durability in the aggressive environment of livestock farms and in transport construction are given. The results will contribute to the development of an ecological approach to the components selection for clinker-free cements and to the adoption of design decisions in construction, as well as to the expansion of the field of using clinker-free cements in transport and industrial construction. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon footprint; functional unit; durability; frost resistance; aggressive environment of livestock farms; concrete for railway sleepers carbon footprint; functional unit; durability; frost resistance; aggressive environment of livestock farms; concrete for railway sleepers
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Smirnova, O.; Kazanskaya, L.; Koplík, J.; Tan, H.; Gu, X. Concrete Based on Clinker-Free Cement: Selecting the Functional Unit for Environmental Assessment. Sustainability 2021, 13, 135. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010135

AMA Style

Smirnova O, Kazanskaya L, Koplík J, Tan H, Gu X. Concrete Based on Clinker-Free Cement: Selecting the Functional Unit for Environmental Assessment. Sustainability. 2021; 13(1):135. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010135

Chicago/Turabian Style

Smirnova, Olga, Liliya Kazanskaya, Jan Koplík, Hongbo Tan, and Xianyue Gu. 2021. "Concrete Based on Clinker-Free Cement: Selecting the Functional Unit for Environmental Assessment" Sustainability 13, no. 1: 135. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010135

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop