Next Article in Journal
Current Response and Management Decisions of the European Union to the COVID-19 Outbreak: A Review
Next Article in Special Issue
A Mental Health First Aid Service in an Italian University Public Hospital during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Outbreak
Previous Article in Journal
Development of Cross-Domain Artificial Neural Network to Predict High-Temporal Resolution Pressure Data
Previous Article in Special Issue
COVID-19 Pandemic: Prevention and Protection Measures to Be Adopted at the Workplace

Social Stigma during COVID-19 and its Impact on HCWs Outcomes

Faculty of Human and Social Sciences, Kore University of Enna, 94100 Enna, Italy
Faculty of Psychology, e-Campus University, 22060 Novedrate (CO), Italy
Occupational Medicine, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Catania, 95121 Catania, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(9), 3834;
Received: 21 April 2020 / Revised: 30 April 2020 / Accepted: 5 May 2020 / Published: 8 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Working during the COVID-19 Global Pandemic)
The COVID-19 emergency has significantly transformed the working environment and job demands. Providing care was emotionally difficult for healthcare workers. Uncertainty, stigmatisation, and potentially exposing their families to infection were prominent themes for healthcare workers (HCWs) during the crisis, which first broke out in China at the end of 2019, and then in Italy in early 2020. This study examined the effects of stigma, job demands, and self-esteem, and the consequences of working as a “frontline care provider” with patients infected with the coronavirus (COVID-19). A correlational design study involved 260 healthcare workers (HCWs) working in a large hospital in southern Italy. The following questionnaires were administered: (1) the Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ), for assessing psychological and physical demands; (2) the Professional Quality of Life Scale (ProQOL) to measure the quality individuals feel in relation to their work as “frontline care providers”, through three dimensions: compassion fatigue (CF), burnout (BO), and compassion satisfaction (CS); (3) the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, for evaluating individual self-esteem; (4) a self-administered multiple-choice questionnaire developed by See et al. about attitudes of discrimination, acceptance, and fear towards HCWs exposed to COVID-19. The findings suggest that stigma has a high impact on workers’ outcomes. Stigma may influence worker compliance and can guide management communication strategies relating to pandemic risk for HCWs. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; stigma; job demands; self-esteem; fatigue; burnout; satisfaction; HCWs COVID-19; stigma; job demands; self-esteem; fatigue; burnout; satisfaction; HCWs
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Ramaci, T.; Barattucci, M.; Ledda, C.; Rapisarda, V. Social Stigma during COVID-19 and its Impact on HCWs Outcomes. Sustainability 2020, 12, 3834.

AMA Style

Ramaci T, Barattucci M, Ledda C, Rapisarda V. Social Stigma during COVID-19 and its Impact on HCWs Outcomes. Sustainability. 2020; 12(9):3834.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ramaci, Tiziana; Barattucci, Massimiliano; Ledda, Caterina; Rapisarda, Venerando. 2020. "Social Stigma during COVID-19 and its Impact on HCWs Outcomes" Sustainability 12, no. 9: 3834.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop