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Open AccessReview

The Multiplier Effects of Food Relocalization: A Systematic Review

1
Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, H-1097 Budapest, Hungary
2
Institute of Marketing and Management, Kaposvár University, H-7400 Kaposvár, Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(9), 3524; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093524
Received: 23 March 2020 / Revised: 21 April 2020 / Accepted: 23 April 2020 / Published: 25 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability)
Background: The purchase of local food is often argued to stimulate local economies through multiplier effects; this argument is questioned in this paper. Methods: The ScienceDirect, Wiley Online Library, Taylor and Francis Online, SpringerLink, AgECON, and Emerald databases were searched systematically. A complementary search in Google Scholar was also carried out. Peer-reviewed studies published between 2000 and 2019 were identified using multiple search terms. Data about four types of multipliers (output, employment, income, and value-added multipliers) were extracted. Results: Twenty-four papers fit the criteria, allowing for a qualitative assessment only. Sixteen papers found unambiguously that an increase in demand for local food had a directly positive impact on local economies in some way; one paper found no impact at all. The papers were classified into three groups based on their focal areas: marketing channel-focused, farm enterprise-focused, and scenario/impact analysis-focused studies. In terms of the methods of analysis, three major approaches were identified: input–output models, assessments of descriptive statistics, and econometric analyses. Considerations related to the potential overestimation of current approaches are presented. Conclusions: The existence of employment and income multipliers seems to be more evident, while the impacts of output- and value-added multipliers depend more on the actual context. Research gaps are also identified. View Full-Text
Keywords: spillover effect; economic benefit; locally produced food; direct marketing; regional development spillover effect; economic benefit; locally produced food; direct marketing; regional development
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MDPI and ACS Style

Benedek, Z.; Fertő, I.; Szente, V. The Multiplier Effects of Food Relocalization: A Systematic Review. Sustainability 2020, 12, 3524. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093524

AMA Style

Benedek Z, Fertő I, Szente V. The Multiplier Effects of Food Relocalization: A Systematic Review. Sustainability. 2020; 12(9):3524. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093524

Chicago/Turabian Style

Benedek, Zsófia; Fertő, Imre; Szente, Viktória. 2020. "The Multiplier Effects of Food Relocalization: A Systematic Review" Sustainability 12, no. 9: 3524. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093524

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