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Article

The Effects of Market Competition, Capital Structure, and CEO Duality on Firm Performance: A Mediation Analysis by Incorporating the GMM Model Technique

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School of Management, Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), No. 92 West Dazhi Street, Nangang District, Heilongjiang, Harbin 150001, China
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Antai College of Economics and Management (ACEM), School of Media and Communication (SMC), Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), No. 800 Dongchuan Road Minhang District, Shanghai 200240, China
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Dean: Faculty of Computing and Engineering, University of Kotli Azad Jammu and Kashmir (UOKAJK), Kotli 111000, Pakistan
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(8), 3480; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083480
Received: 16 March 2020 / Revised: 31 March 2020 / Accepted: 21 April 2020 / Published: 24 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Business and Development II)
This current study is one of the few investigations to conduct a focalized examination of the relationship between CEO duality and firm performance; however, this relationship seems to be imprecise due to the impact of the invention mechanism. This study explores the effect of CEO duality to achieve firm performance through the mediating effects of capital structure and market competition, which is an innovative model. The study incorporated the generalized method of moments (GMM) model to examine the proposed association of the CEO duality and firm performance, and the findings specified a negative relationship between CEO duality and firm performance. The results indicated that capital structure partially mediated the association between CEO duality and firm performance. The results also showed that market competition fully mediated this linkage between CEO duality and firm performance, which in turn specified a significant positive relationship with market competition, which mediated a positive relationship. By incorporating these mediators, the results determined that CEO duality reduces firm performance through the capital structure; however, it enhances firm performance by stimulating market competition. View Full-Text
Keywords: firm performance; company profitability; market competition; CEO duality; capital structure; GMM model firm performance; company profitability; market competition; CEO duality; capital structure; GMM model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mubeen, R.; Han, D.; Abbas, J.; Hussain, I. The Effects of Market Competition, Capital Structure, and CEO Duality on Firm Performance: A Mediation Analysis by Incorporating the GMM Model Technique. Sustainability 2020, 12, 3480. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083480

AMA Style

Mubeen R, Han D, Abbas J, Hussain I. The Effects of Market Competition, Capital Structure, and CEO Duality on Firm Performance: A Mediation Analysis by Incorporating the GMM Model Technique. Sustainability. 2020; 12(8):3480. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083480

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mubeen, Riaqa, Dongping Han, Jaffar Abbas, and Iftikhar Hussain. 2020. "The Effects of Market Competition, Capital Structure, and CEO Duality on Firm Performance: A Mediation Analysis by Incorporating the GMM Model Technique" Sustainability 12, no. 8: 3480. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083480

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