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Article

The Importance of Different Knowledge Types in Health-Related Decisions—The Example of Type 2 Diabetes

Centre for Science and Technology Education, School of Education, FHNW University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland, 4132 Muttenz, Switzerland
Sustainability 2020, 12(8), 3396; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083396
Received: 20 March 2020 / Revised: 9 April 2020 / Accepted: 16 April 2020 / Published: 22 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Teaching Sustainable Development Goals in Science Education)
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs, e.g., type 2 diabetes) are a burden to humanity and hence addressed in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) (target 3.4). One way of tackling NCDs is by health education as part of science education. Yet, the role of knowledge for health-promoting actions, and thus, the role of science teaching in health education, is not sufficiently clarified. Therefore, the author proposes to differentiate three knowledge types: System Health Knowledge (SK), Action-related Health Knowledge (AK), and Effectiveness Health Knowledge (EK). Accordingly, we designed a questionnaire that asked students to evaluate different questions about sugar consumption and type 2 diabetes according to their relevance for deciding their future sugar consumption. We found that students considered all questions as rather important (3–4.3, out of 5) with an assigned mean importance for SK with a mean of 3.8, for AK with a mean of 4.0, and for EK with a mean of 3.9. This research indicates that knowledge is important for decision-making and that all three types of knowledge should be recognized in health education. View Full-Text
Keywords: health education; science education; knowledge; decision-making health education; science education; knowledge; decision-making
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MDPI and ACS Style

Arnold, J.C. The Importance of Different Knowledge Types in Health-Related Decisions—The Example of Type 2 Diabetes. Sustainability 2020, 12, 3396. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083396

AMA Style

Arnold JC. The Importance of Different Knowledge Types in Health-Related Decisions—The Example of Type 2 Diabetes. Sustainability. 2020; 12(8):3396. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083396

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arnold, Julia Caroline. 2020. "The Importance of Different Knowledge Types in Health-Related Decisions—The Example of Type 2 Diabetes" Sustainability 12, no. 8: 3396. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083396

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