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Fast and Efficient Method to Evaluate the Potential of Eutectic Solvents to Dissolve Lignocellulosic Components

1
School of Chemical Engineering (FEQ), University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, São Paulo 13083-852, Brazil
2
CICECO, Aveiro Institute of Materials, Department of Chemistry, University of Aveiro, Aveiro 3810-193, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(8), 3358; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083358
Received: 3 April 2020 / Revised: 15 April 2020 / Accepted: 16 April 2020 / Published: 20 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Green Chemistry and Biofinery Concepts on Biomass Valorisation)
The application of eutectic solvents (ESs) in lignocellulosic biomass fractionation has been demonstrated as a promising approach to accomplish efficient and environmentally friendly biomass valorization. In general, ESs are a combination of two components, a hydrogen-bonding donor and a hydrogen-bonding acceptor, in which the melting point of the mixture is lower than that of the individual components. However, there are plenty of possible combinations to form ESs with the potential to apply in biomass processing. Therefore, the development of fast and effective screening methods to find combinations capable to dissolve the main biomass components—namely cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin—is highly required. An accurate and simple technique based on optical microscopy with or without polarized lenses was used in this study to quickly screen and monitor the dissolution of cellulose, xylose (a monomer of hemicelluloses), and lignin in several ESs. The dissolution of these solutes were investigated in different choline-chloride-based ESs (ChCl:UREA, ChCl:PROP, ChCl:EtGLY, ChCl:OXA, ChCl:GLY, ChCl:LAC). Small amounts of solute and solvent with temperature control were applied and the dissolution process was monitored in real time. The results obtained in this study showed that cellulose was insoluble in these ESs, while lignin and xylose were progressively dissolved. View Full-Text
Keywords: optical microscopy; eutectic solvents; dissolution; cellulose; xylose; lignin; biomass optical microscopy; eutectic solvents; dissolution; cellulose; xylose; lignin; biomass
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sosa, F.H.B.; Dias, R.M.; da Costa Lopes, A.M.; Coutinho, J.A.P.; da Costa, M.C. Fast and Efficient Method to Evaluate the Potential of Eutectic Solvents to Dissolve Lignocellulosic Components. Sustainability 2020, 12, 3358. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083358

AMA Style

Sosa FHB, Dias RM, da Costa Lopes AM, Coutinho JAP, da Costa MC. Fast and Efficient Method to Evaluate the Potential of Eutectic Solvents to Dissolve Lignocellulosic Components. Sustainability. 2020; 12(8):3358. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083358

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sosa, Filipe H.B.; Dias, Rafael M.; da Costa Lopes, André M.; Coutinho, João A.P.; da Costa, Mariana C. 2020. "Fast and Efficient Method to Evaluate the Potential of Eutectic Solvents to Dissolve Lignocellulosic Components" Sustainability 12, no. 8: 3358. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083358

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