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Open AccessArticle

Still Green at Fifteen? Investigating Environmental Awareness of the PISA 2015 Population: Cross-National Differences and Correlates

1
DIPF | Leibniz Institute for Research and Information in Education, 60323 Frankfurt a. M., Germany
2
Faculty of Education, University of Hamburg, 20146 Hamburg, Germany
3
Institute of Psychology, University of Kassel, 34127 Kassel, Germany
4
German Centre for Higher Education Research and Science Studies, 30159 Hanover, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(7), 2985; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12072985
Received: 29 February 2020 / Revised: 24 March 2020 / Accepted: 4 April 2020 / Published: 8 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Education and Sustainable Development)
The PISA studies provide unique opportunities to investigate the competencies and attitudes of 15-year-olds across the world. Past research investigating environmental awareness (EA) in PISA 2006 found associations between EA and science-related competencies and attitudes. Investigating EA in the PISA studies may have important implications for education for sustainable development (ESD): results may show which factors should be considered in educational interventions to enhance students’ EA. Cross-national analyses of EA may provide insights into the predictors of EA on a local, national or international level. This study investigates the individual, school, and country level predictors of EA in PISA 2015 (365,194 students, 12,594 schools, 53 countries). The multi-level regression analysis on EA reveals that most of the variance is located at the student level. On the individual level, variables related to science learning in school are associated with EA across all countries. This study also compares the degrees of EA in the 2006 and 2015 populations. The results show similar degrees of EA in 2006 and 2015. Altogether, the study provides cross-country evidence on important aspects that should be addressed in successful ESD programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental awareness; problem awareness; environmental attitudes; education for sustainable development; ESD; pro-environmental behavior; cross-cultural differences; PISA; multilevel analysis; science education environmental awareness; problem awareness; environmental attitudes; education for sustainable development; ESD; pro-environmental behavior; cross-cultural differences; PISA; multilevel analysis; science education
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List, M.K.; Schmidt, F.T.C.; Mundt, D.; Föste-Eggers, D. Still Green at Fifteen? Investigating Environmental Awareness of the PISA 2015 Population: Cross-National Differences and Correlates. Sustainability 2020, 12, 2985.

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