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Article

The Implication of Fiscal Principles and Rules on Promoting Sustainable Public Finances in the EU Countries

1
Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, 22 Carol I, 700505 Iasi, Romania
2
Faculty of Law and Administrative Sciences, Ştefan cel Mare University, Universitatii 13, 720229 Suceava, Romania
3
Faculty of Biotechnical Systems Engineering, Polytechnic University, Bucharest, 313 Splaiul Independenței, 060042 Bucharest, Romania
4
Faculty of Economic Sciences, Ovidius University, 58 Ion Vodă, 900527 Constanta, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(7), 2772; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12072772
Received: 6 February 2020 / Revised: 13 March 2020 / Accepted: 31 March 2020 / Published: 1 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability of Fiscal Policy)
The purpose of this study was to analyze fiscal behavior in the European Union countries, to highlight the implications of institutional constraints on healthy fiscal attitudes, and to test the relationship between government decisions, fiscal responsibility instruments, and the sustainability of public finances during the period 2000–2014. By using panel data analysis, we tested the responsiveness of primary balance to government indebtedness, as well as to some determinants of fiscal responsibility, such as the degree of public spending or fiscal rules effectiveness, and we included two different perspectives regarding fiscal rules status. First, we computed a fiscal responsibility index, which measures the applicability of or compliance with the fiscal rules, referring to legal dimensions and administrative and institutional capacity. Second, we established a fiscal responsibility convergence index, which measures the status of the EU Member States regarding the approach of numerical rules. The empirical findings indicate that fiscal authorities do not act to the existing stock of public debt and highlights a negative response of budget balances to the stock of outstanding debt. Fiscal position improves when the index of fiscal responsibility is involved and countries become more sustainable when they are related to the entire level of fiscal governance, with respect to legal framework, institutional and administrative capacity, but at the debt ratio threshold of over 90%, the effect of the overall fiscal rule comes out as less relevant for the improvement of the primary balance. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability of public finances; budget rules; fiscal governance; fiscal behavior; budgetary consolidation/weakening sustainability of public finances; budget rules; fiscal governance; fiscal behavior; budgetary consolidation/weakening
MDPI and ACS Style

Onofrei, M.; A.G.; Bostan, I.; Oprea, F.; Paraschiv, G.; Lazăr, C.M. The Implication of Fiscal Principles and Rules on Promoting Sustainable Public Finances in the EU Countries. Sustainability 2020, 12, 2772. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12072772

AMA Style

Onofrei M, AG, Bostan I, Oprea F, Paraschiv G, Lazăr CM. The Implication of Fiscal Principles and Rules on Promoting Sustainable Public Finances in the EU Countries. Sustainability. 2020; 12(7):2772. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12072772

Chicago/Turabian Style

Onofrei, Mihaela, Anca G., Ionel Bostan, Florin Oprea, Gigel Paraschiv, and Cristina M. Lazăr 2020. "The Implication of Fiscal Principles and Rules on Promoting Sustainable Public Finances in the EU Countries" Sustainability 12, no. 7: 2772. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12072772

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