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Open AccessArticle

Risk Perception Sensitivity of Cyclists Based on the Cox Risk Perception Model

by Dan Zhao 1,2,3, Shengrui Zhang 1,2,*, Bei Zhou 1,2, Shuaiyang Jiao 1,2 and Ling Yang 4
College of Transportation Engineering, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710064, China
Key Laboratory of Transport Industry of Management, Control and Cycle Repair Technology for Traffic Network Facilities in Ecological Security Barrier Area, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710064, China
Infrastructure Department, Northwest University, Xi’an 710069, China
China Railway First Survey and Design Institute Group Co., Ltd, Xi’an 710043, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(7), 2613;
Received: 25 February 2020 / Revised: 22 March 2020 / Accepted: 24 March 2020 / Published: 25 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bicycling Today: Establishing and Learning from the State of the Art)
To promote the sustainable development and safety of bicycle traffic, survival analysis of the risk perception sensitivity of cyclists is proposed. The cumulative probability of survival serves as an index of risk perception sensitivity, and a Cox regression model is established. The proposed method is applied to middle school cyclists, and the factors of their risk perception are analyzed. Data are collected by questionnaire and traffic conflict survey and are quantified by factor analysis. The model results show that active and extroverted personality, negative peer influence, unsafe riding behavior intention, non-motor vehicle flow and speed, and a lack of separation facilities have negative correlations with risk perception sensitivity. Positive attitude towards traffic rules, good family education, heightened traffic safety awareness, motor vehicle flow and speed, pedestrian flow, and non-motorized lane width have positive correlations with risk perception sensitivity. The conflict type has no correlation with risk perception sensitivity. This study aims to improve the sensitivity of risk perception, prevent traffic conflicts and provide a theoretical basis for risk perception research on vulnerable traffic participants. View Full-Text
Keywords: risk perception; middle school cyclists; survival analysis; Cox model risk perception; middle school cyclists; survival analysis; Cox model
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Zhao, D.; Zhang, S.; Zhou, B.; Jiao, S.; Yang, L. Risk Perception Sensitivity of Cyclists Based on the Cox Risk Perception Model. Sustainability 2020, 12, 2613.

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