Next Article in Journal
Sustainability of Livestock Farming in South Africa. Outlook on Production Constraints, Climate-Related Events, and Upshot on Adaptive Capacity
Previous Article in Journal
Biophysical Economics for Policy and Teaching: Mexico as an Example
Previous Article in Special Issue
Life Cycle Cost Assessment of Electric Vehicles: A Review and Bibliometric Analysis
Open AccessArticle

Analysis of Using Biogas Resources for Electric Vehicle Charging in Bangladesh: A Techno-Economic-Environmental Perspective

1
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Dhaka University of Engineering & Technology, Gazipur 1707, Bangladesh
2
School of Engineering and Information Technology, University of New South Wales-Canberra, Canberra 2612, Australia
3
School of Energy and Environment, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong
4
Sustainable Solutionz, T Nagar, Chennai-600017, Tamil Nadu, India
5
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Chennai Institute of Technology, Kundrathur, Chennai 600069, Tamil Nadu, India
6
Department of Automobile Engineering, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur 603203, Tamil Nadu, India
7
Centre for Intelligent Systems, School of Engineering and Technology, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, QLD 4701, Australia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(7), 2579; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12072579
Received: 25 January 2020 / Revised: 15 March 2020 / Accepted: 23 March 2020 / Published: 25 March 2020
The growing popularity of electric vehicles (EV) is creating an increasing burden on the power grid in Bangladesh due to massive energy consumption. Due to this uptake of variable energy consumption, environmental concerns, and scarcity of energy lead to investigate alternative energy resources that are readily available and environment friendly. Bangladesh has enormous potential in the field of renewable resources, such as biogas and biomass. Therefore, this paper proposes a design of a 20 kW electric vehicle charging station (EVCS) using biogas resources. A comprehensive viability analysis is also presented for the proposed EVCS from technological, economic, and environmental viewpoints using the HOMER (Hybrid Optimization of Multiple Energy Resources) model. The viability result shows that with the capacity of 15–20 EVs per day, the proposed EVCS will save monthly $16.31 and $29.46, respectively, for easy bike and auto-rickshaw type electric vehicles in Bangladesh compare to grid electricity charging. Furthermore, the proposed charging station can reduce 65.61% of CO2 emissions than a grid-based charging station. View Full-Text
Keywords: electric vehicle charging station (EVCS); electric vehicles (EVs); biogas; biomass resources; HOMER; CO2 emissions; payback period electric vehicle charging station (EVCS); electric vehicles (EVs); biogas; biomass resources; HOMER; CO2 emissions; payback period
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Karmaker, A.K.; Hossain, M.A.; Manoj Kumar, N.; Jagadeesan, V.; Jayakumar, A.; Ray, B. Analysis of Using Biogas Resources for Electric Vehicle Charging in Bangladesh: A Techno-Economic-Environmental Perspective. Sustainability 2020, 12, 2579.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop