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Article

Subjective Well-Being in Higher Education: Psychometric Properties of the Satisfaction with Life and Subjective Vitality Scales in Spanish University Students

1
Health Integration and Promotion Research Unit (INTEGRA SAÚDE), Faculty of Health Sciences, University of A Coruña, 15006 A Coruña, Spain
2
TALIONIS Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of A Coruña, 15008 A Coruña, Spain
3
Institute for Oral Implantology and Rehabilitation of A Coruña (Instituto Coruñés de Implantología y Rehabilitación Oral-ICIRO), 15007 A Coruña, Spain
4
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of A Coruña, 15008 A Coruña, Spain
5
Health Promotion Department, University of A Coruña, 15011 A Coruña, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Both authors contributed equally to the study.
Sustainability 2020, 12(6), 2176; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12062176
Received: 24 February 2020 / Revised: 2 March 2020 / Accepted: 4 March 2020 / Published: 11 March 2020
Satisfaction with life (SWL) and subjective vitality (SV) are indicators of subjective well-being and quality of life. University students are at risk of low levels of subjective well-being, and therefore it is necessary to have properly validated tools to assess SWL and SV in this population. The aim of this study was to test the psychometric properties of the satisfaction with life scale (SWLS) and subjective vitality scale (SVS) in Spanish university students. Participants were 435 undergraduate students enrolled in 50 different courses (M = 20.9 years, SD = 2.1; female students = 71.2%). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to test the structure of the scales. Internal consistency, criterion and discriminant validity were also evaluated. Results confirmed the 5-item model of the SWLS (NNFI = 0.975, CFI = 0.987, RMSEA = 0.076) and the six-item model of the SVS (NNFI = 0.980, CFI = 0.988, RMSEA = 0.102). Internal consistency was excellent in both scales. The SWLS and the SVS were significantly associated, and students with low self-esteem showed lower SWL and SV, indicating good criterion and discriminant validity. These findings support the use of the SWLS and SVS for the assessment of subjective well-being in higher education context. View Full-Text
Keywords: subjective well-being; subjective vitality; satisfaction with life; factor structure; validity; reliability; confirmatory factor analysis; higher education; university students subjective well-being; subjective vitality; satisfaction with life; factor structure; validity; reliability; confirmatory factor analysis; higher education; university students
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MDPI and ACS Style

Delgado-Lobete, L.; Montes-Montes, R.; Vila-Paz, A.; Talavera-Valverde, M.-Á.; Cruz-Valiño, J.-M.; Gándara-Gafo, B.; Ávila-Álvarez, A.; Santos-del-Riego, S. Subjective Well-Being in Higher Education: Psychometric Properties of the Satisfaction with Life and Subjective Vitality Scales in Spanish University Students. Sustainability 2020, 12, 2176. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12062176

AMA Style

Delgado-Lobete L, Montes-Montes R, Vila-Paz A, Talavera-Valverde M-Á, Cruz-Valiño J-M, Gándara-Gafo B, Ávila-Álvarez A, Santos-del-Riego S. Subjective Well-Being in Higher Education: Psychometric Properties of the Satisfaction with Life and Subjective Vitality Scales in Spanish University Students. Sustainability. 2020; 12(6):2176. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12062176

Chicago/Turabian Style

Delgado-Lobete, Laura, Rebeca Montes-Montes, Alba Vila-Paz, Miguel-Ángel Talavera-Valverde, José-Manuel Cruz-Valiño, Berta Gándara-Gafo, Adriana Ávila-Álvarez, and Sergio Santos-del-Riego. 2020. "Subjective Well-Being in Higher Education: Psychometric Properties of the Satisfaction with Life and Subjective Vitality Scales in Spanish University Students" Sustainability 12, no. 6: 2176. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12062176

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