Aging, Living Environment, and Sustainability: What Should be Taken into Account?
2. Aging and Living Environment
2.1. Features and Needs of the Elderly Population
2.2. Design for Elderly Population
3. Sustainable Aging and Sustainable Living Environment
3.1. The Aspects of Sustainable Aging
3.2. Biophilic Design as a Part of Sustainable Ageing
- Nature in the space, meaning the presence and diversity of natural elements and features within the human environment, including vegetation, water bodies, animal species;
- Natural analogs, meaning objects, materials, colors, shapes, patterns, and algorithms that are analogous to natural ones and evoke similar human responses;
- Nature of the space, meaning different solutions of organization of spaces that evoke physiological responses, including prospect, refuge, mystery, risk/peril, characteristic to the experience of the natural environment.
Conflicts of Interest
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|Principles [4,14]||Solutions |
|Equitable Use, meaning the design that can be used by people with different abilities||Automatically opening door|
|No threshold, zero-step entrances|
|No threshold walk-in shower|
|Wider than standard doorways and corridors|
|Counter tops with varying levels that can be used by standing and seated users, and people of different heights|
|Flexibility in Use, meaning the design that can meet a wide array of individual preferences and abilities without special adaptations||Open floor plan|
|Various household equipment with the larger buttons far enough apart that can be pressed accurately|
|Simple, Intuitive Use, meaning the design that is easily understandable and intuitively usable||Various instructions presented in a series of clear illustrations instead of the use of text|
|Perceptible Information, meaning the design that effectively communicates the necessary information to the user||Information provided in contrasting colors, large letters, audible feedback of appliances|
|Tolerance for Error, defining the design that minimizes hazards and the adverse consequences of accidental or unintended actions||The layout of hallways and corridors allowing the user to return to common areas|
|Low Physical Effort, meaning the design that can be used efficiently and comfortably and with a minimum of fatigue||Automatically opening door|
|Counter tops with varying levels that can be used by standing and seated users, and people of different heights|
|Installation of a downstairs bathroom|
|Planning promoting compactness and walkability, creating short drives and walking distances in communities|
|Size and Space for Approach and Use, meaning the design that provides appropriate size and space for approach, reach, manipulation, and use||Items and appliances mounted on walls that are clearly visible, easily reachable, and easy for all hand sizes to use|
|Staircases with consistent treads that are straight and provide a stopping place in the middle between levels|
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Grazuleviciute-Vileniske, I.; Seduikyte, L.; Teixeira-Gomes, A.; Mendes, A.; Borodinecs, A.; Buzinskaite, D. Aging, Living Environment, and Sustainability: What Should be Taken into Account? Sustainability 2020, 12, 1853. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12051853
Grazuleviciute-Vileniske I, Seduikyte L, Teixeira-Gomes A, Mendes A, Borodinecs A, Buzinskaite D. Aging, Living Environment, and Sustainability: What Should be Taken into Account? Sustainability. 2020; 12(5):1853. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12051853Chicago/Turabian Style
Grazuleviciute-Vileniske, Indre, Lina Seduikyte, Armanda Teixeira-Gomes, Ana Mendes, Anatolijs Borodinecs, and Deimante Buzinskaite. 2020. "Aging, Living Environment, and Sustainability: What Should be Taken into Account?" Sustainability 12, no. 5: 1853. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12051853