Next Article in Journal
Calculation of Residual Surface Subsidence Above Abandoned Longwall Coal Mining
Next Article in Special Issue
Climate Change Implications for Water Availability: A Case Study of Barcelona City
Previous Article in Journal
Biochars Originating from Different Biomass and Pyrolysis Process Reveal to Have Different Microbial Characterization: Implications for Practice

Electrical Grid Risk Assessment Against Flooding in Barcelona and Bristol Cities

IREC, Power Systems department, Jardins de les Dones de Negre, 1, 2ª pl., 08930 Sant Adrià de Besòs, Barcelona, Spain
Cetaqua, Water Technology Centre, Carretera d’Esplugues, 75, 08940 Cornellà de Llobregat, Spain
FLUMEN Research Institute, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Jordi Girona 1-3, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
AQUATEC (SUEZ Advanced Solutions), Paseo de la Zona Franca, 46-48, 08038 Barcelona, Spain
Grupo de Ingeniería Hidráulica y Ambiental (GIHA), Escuela Politécnica de La Almunia (EUPLA), Universidad de Zaragoza, Calle Mayor 5, 50100 La Almunia de Doña Godina, Zaragoza, Spain
Bristol City Council. 100 Temple Street, P.O. Box 3176, Bristol BS1 6AG, UK
E-distribución. Av. de Vilanova, 12, 08018 Barcelona, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(4), 1527;
Received: 28 January 2020 / Revised: 13 February 2020 / Accepted: 15 February 2020 / Published: 18 February 2020
Climate change is increasing the frequency and intensity of extreme events and, consequently, flooding in urban and peri-urban areas. The electrical grid is exposed to an increase in fault probability because its infrastructure was designed considering historical frequencies of extreme events occurred in the past. In this respect, to ensure future energy plans and securing services is of great relevance to determine and evaluate the new zones that may be under risk and its relation to critical infrastructures for such extreme events. In this regard, the electrical distribution system is one of the key critical infrastructures since it feeds the others and with the future plans of zero-emissions (leading to the electrification of transport, buildings, renewable energies, etc.) will become even more important in the short term. In this paper, a novel methodology has been developed, able to analyze flood hazard maps quantifying the probability of failure risk of the electrical assets and their potential impacts using a probabilistic approach. Furthermore, a process to monetize the consequences of the yielded risk was established. The whole method developed was applied to the Barcelona and Bristol case study cities. In this way, two different examples of application have been undertaken by using slightly different inputs. Two main inputs were required: (1) the development of accurate GIS hazard flooding models; and (2) the location of the electrical assets (i.e., Distribution Centers (DCs)). To assess and monetize the flood risk to DCs, a variety of variables and tools were required such as water depths (i.e., flood maps), DCs’ areas of influence, fragility curves, and damage curves. The analysis was performed for different return periods under different scenarios, current (Baseline) and future (Business As Usual (BAU)) rainfall conditions. The number of DCs affected was quantified and classified into different categories of risk, where up to 363 were affected in Barcelona and 623 in Bristol. Their risk monetization resulted in maximums of 815,700 € in Barcelona and 643,500 € in Bristol. Finally, the percentage of risk increases when considering future rainfall conditions (i.e., BAU) when calculated, resulting in a 2.38% increase in Barcelona and 3.37% increase in Bristol, which in monetary terms would be an average of a 22% increase. View Full-Text
Keywords: RESCCUE project; Electrical distribution network; Flooding; Risk Assessment; city resiliency; GIS model RESCCUE project; Electrical distribution network; Flooding; Risk Assessment; city resiliency; GIS model
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Sánchez-Muñoz, D.; Domínguez-García, J.L.; Martínez-Gomariz, E.; Russo, B.; Stevens, J.; Pardo, M. Electrical Grid Risk Assessment Against Flooding in Barcelona and Bristol Cities. Sustainability 2020, 12, 1527.

AMA Style

Sánchez-Muñoz D, Domínguez-García JL, Martínez-Gomariz E, Russo B, Stevens J, Pardo M. Electrical Grid Risk Assessment Against Flooding in Barcelona and Bristol Cities. Sustainability. 2020; 12(4):1527.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sánchez-Muñoz, Daniel, José L. Domínguez-García, Eduardo Martínez-Gomariz, Beniamino Russo, John Stevens, and Miguel Pardo. 2020. "Electrical Grid Risk Assessment Against Flooding in Barcelona and Bristol Cities" Sustainability 12, no. 4: 1527.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop