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Open AccessArticle

Monetary Assessment of Restored Habitats as a Support Tool for Sustainable Landscape Management in Lowland Cultural Landscapes

1
Department of Geoinformatics, Palacký University Olomouc, 17. listopadu 50, 771 46 Olomouc, Czech Republic
2
Department of Landscape Management, FFWT MENDELU, Zemědělská 1665/1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
3
Department of Geology and Pedology, FFWT MENDELU, Zemědělská 1665/1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(4), 1341; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12041341
Received: 30 December 2019 / Revised: 7 February 2020 / Accepted: 10 February 2020 / Published: 12 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Landscape Management and Planning)
Surfaces directly influenced by mining and post-mining have risen to prominence in the field of restoration ecology. It is important to gain a better understanding of sustainable landscape management in lowland European cultural landscapes. Sand and gravel-pit areas were selected as study sites, where mining activities have been the main factor in land use over recent decades. The post-mining restoration of each area disturbed by mining processes was planned according to legally enforced technical and biological restoration protocols, as well as a specific document entitled the Biological Action Plan (BAP). The financial costs of BAPs for individual study sites were compared with the monetary value of habitats over three time periods. The economic evaluation was based on the assessment method of ecological harm to habitats carried out in Hesse (Germany). The results show that the restoration of target habitats after mining will establish and gradually develop new natural habitats with a higher monetary value than before mining, which become refuges of biodiversity in cultural landscapes. The results also indicate that the ecological restoration of post-mining areas can result in a higher monetary value of the restored natural habitats in comparison to the original habitats which were destroyed by mining. View Full-Text
Keywords: monetary assessment; NATURA2000; mining sites; financial assessment monetary assessment; NATURA2000; mining sites; financial assessment
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Brus, J.; Deutscher, J.; Bajer, A.; Kupec, P.; Olišarová, L. Monetary Assessment of Restored Habitats as a Support Tool for Sustainable Landscape Management in Lowland Cultural Landscapes. Sustainability 2020, 12, 1341.

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