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Article

Benchmarking Energy Use at University of Almeria (Spain)

1
Department of Engineering, CEIA3, University of Almeria, 04120 Almeria, Spain
2
Faculty of Law, Universidad Internacional de La Rioja (UNIR), Av. de la Paz, 137, 26006 Logroño, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(4), 1336; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12041336
Received: 20 December 2019 / Revised: 5 February 2020 / Accepted: 5 February 2020 / Published: 12 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Energy Sustainability at Universities)
Several factors impact the energy use of university campus buildings. This study aims to benchmark the energy use in universities with Mediterranean climates. The University of Almeria campus was used as a case study, and different types of buildings were analyzed. The second goal was to model the electricity consumption and determinate which parameter correlate strongly with energy use. Macro-scale energy consumption data during a period of seven years were gathered alongside cross-sectional buildings information. Eight years of daily outdoor temperature data were recorded and stored for every half hour. This dataset was eventually used to calculate heating and cooling degree-days. The weather factor was recognized as the variable with the greatest impact on campus energy consumption, and as the coefficient indicated a strong correlation, a linear regression model was established to forecast future energy use. A threshold of 8 GWh has been estimated as the energy consumption limit to be achieved despite the growth of the university. Finally, it is based on the results to inform the recommendations for decision making in order to act effectively to optimize and achieve a return on investment. View Full-Text
Keywords: benchmark; campus energy consumption; heating and cooling degree-days; energy model; occupancy rate benchmark; campus energy consumption; heating and cooling degree-days; energy model; occupancy rate
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chihib, M.; Salmerón-Manzano, E.; Manzano-Agugliaro, F. Benchmarking Energy Use at University of Almeria (Spain). Sustainability 2020, 12, 1336. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12041336

AMA Style

Chihib M, Salmerón-Manzano E, Manzano-Agugliaro F. Benchmarking Energy Use at University of Almeria (Spain). Sustainability. 2020; 12(4):1336. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12041336

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chihib, Mehdi, Esther Salmerón-Manzano, and Francisco Manzano-Agugliaro. 2020. "Benchmarking Energy Use at University of Almeria (Spain)" Sustainability 12, no. 4: 1336. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12041336

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