Next Article in Journal
Detecting DDoS Attacks in Software-Defined Networks Through Feature Selection Methods and Machine Learning Models
Next Article in Special Issue
The Environmental Impacts of Agricultural Trade: A Systematic Literature Review
Previous Article in Journal
Unlocking the Linear Lock-In: Mapping Research on Barriers to Transition
Article

Improving Policy Evidence Base for Agricultural Sustainability and Food Security: A Content Analysis of Life Cycle Assessment Research

1
Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Pisa, Pisa 56124, Italy
2
Center for Policies and Bioeconomy, Council for Agricultural Research and Agricultural Economics Analysis, Rome 00198, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(3), 1033; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12031033
Received: 12 November 2019 / Revised: 13 January 2020 / Accepted: 27 January 2020 / Published: 1 February 2020
Life cycle assessment is a widespread method for measuring and monitoring the environmental impacts of production processes, thereby allowing the comparison of business-as-usual with more ecological scenarios. Life cycle assessment research can support evidence-based policy making by comparing and communicating the environmental impacts of agricultural and food systems, informing about the impact of mitigating interventions and monitoring sectoral progress towards sustainable development goals. This article aims at improving the contribution of science to evidence-based policies for agricultural sustainability and food security, while facilitating further research, by delivering a content-analysis based literature review of life cycle assessment research in agricultural and food economics. Results highlight that demand-side and system-level approaches need further development, as policies need to support redesigned agricultural systems and newly conceived dietary guidelines, which combine environmental protection and health benefits, without reducing productivity. Similarly, more research effort towards consequential life cycle assessment and multidimensional assessment may benefit policy makers by considering the rebound effects associated with the large-scale implementation of impact-mitigating interventions. Promising interventions involve the promotion of waste circularization strategies, which could also improve the profitability of agriculture. For effective policy making towards agricultural sustainability and food security worldwide, countries with the greatest expected population growth and raise of urbanization rates need more attention by researchers. View Full-Text
Keywords: LCA; sustainability assessment; Social Network Analysis; interventions; pollution; health; rebound effect LCA; sustainability assessment; Social Network Analysis; interventions; pollution; health; rebound effect
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Gava, O.; Bartolini, F.; Venturi, F.; Brunori, G.; Pardossi, A. Improving Policy Evidence Base for Agricultural Sustainability and Food Security: A Content Analysis of Life Cycle Assessment Research. Sustainability 2020, 12, 1033. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12031033

AMA Style

Gava O, Bartolini F, Venturi F, Brunori G, Pardossi A. Improving Policy Evidence Base for Agricultural Sustainability and Food Security: A Content Analysis of Life Cycle Assessment Research. Sustainability. 2020; 12(3):1033. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12031033

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gava, Oriana, Fabio Bartolini, Francesca Venturi, Gianluca Brunori, and Alberto Pardossi. 2020. "Improving Policy Evidence Base for Agricultural Sustainability and Food Security: A Content Analysis of Life Cycle Assessment Research" Sustainability 12, no. 3: 1033. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12031033

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop