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Towards Sustainable Mobile Learning: A Brief Review of the Factors Influencing Acceptance of the Use of Mobile Phones as Learning Tools

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Department of Information Systems, Faculty of Computer Science & Information Technology, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
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Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Computer Science & Engineering, Hail University, Hail 55476, Saudi Arabia
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Centre for the Internship Training and Academic Enrichment (CITrA), University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
4
Department of Computer System & Technology, Faculty of Computer Science & Information Technology, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(24), 10527; https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410527
Received: 29 November 2020 / Revised: 14 December 2020 / Accepted: 14 December 2020 / Published: 16 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Engineering Education for Sustainable Development)
Mobile phones have become widespread in the modern era. One contemporary use of mobile phones is in the education field, commonly known as M-Learning. Subsequent to the growth of M-Learning, developers of educational mobile applications need to understand what the user requirements are, and how to satisfy them. In order to measure user satisfaction while engaging with mobiles as learning tools, many models have been created using the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology, and other models such as the Technology Acceptance Model. However, none of these has focused on the technical factors affecting the users’ intentions to use their mobile phones as learning tools. Due to technical limitations, as well as human psychology, mobile phone learning remains limited to an assistance-only function. This paper presents a review of studies that have been used to measure users’ intentions of engaging with mobile phones as learning tools. One hundred and twenty-seven papers have been reviewed, dating from 2011 to 2020. These papers differ in terms of methodology and results collected. Results showed that many models had been extended by adding factors such as trust, pre-usage or attitude. Moreover, this review concludes that almost none of the above-mentioned studies had identified precisely the technical factors that may affect the intention of using this type of technology in education. However, when classifying the influential factors of M-Learning, almost none of the studies discussed the advantages of the technical aspect in imparting knowledge through mobile learning. This study is significant for the education industry in its identification of the relative importance of these factors where mobiles are involved in the learning process. In addition, it provides a brief history of the involvement of technology in education. View Full-Text
Keywords: mobile learning; technical factors; acceptance models; UTAUT; TAM mobile learning; technical factors; acceptance models; UTAUT; TAM
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alghazi, S.S.; Wong, S.Y.; Kamsin, A.; Yadegaridehkordi, E.; Shuib, L. Towards Sustainable Mobile Learning: A Brief Review of the Factors Influencing Acceptance of the Use of Mobile Phones as Learning Tools. Sustainability 2020, 12, 10527. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410527

AMA Style

Alghazi SS, Wong SY, Kamsin A, Yadegaridehkordi E, Shuib L. Towards Sustainable Mobile Learning: A Brief Review of the Factors Influencing Acceptance of the Use of Mobile Phones as Learning Tools. Sustainability. 2020; 12(24):10527. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410527

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alghazi, Saud S., Seng Y. Wong, Amirrudin Kamsin, Elaheh Yadegaridehkordi, and Liyana Shuib. 2020. "Towards Sustainable Mobile Learning: A Brief Review of the Factors Influencing Acceptance of the Use of Mobile Phones as Learning Tools" Sustainability 12, no. 24: 10527. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410527

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