Next Article in Journal
Transport Mode Choice for Residents in a Tourist Destination: The Long Road to Sustainability (the Case of Mallorca, Spain)
Previous Article in Journal
An Explorative Study of How Visceral States Influence the Relationship between Social Proof Heuristics and Donation Behavior When Consumers Are Using Self-Service Kiosks
Article

The Microsimulation Model for Assessing the Impact of Inbound Traffic Flows for Container Terminals Located near City Centers

Faculty of Maritime Studies, University of Rijeka, Studentska 2, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(22), 9478; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12229478
Received: 7 October 2020 / Revised: 3 November 2020 / Accepted: 12 November 2020 / Published: 14 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Transportation)
The growth of container transport places increasing demand on traffic, especially in situations where container terminals are located near the city centers. The main problem is traffic congestion on networks caused by the integration of Heavy-Duty Vehicles and urban traffic flows. The main objective is to identify the critical traffic parameters which cause negative organizational and environmental impacts on the existing and future traffic demand. A micro-level traffic simulation model was implemented for the testing of the proposed framework-based supply, demand, and control layers. The model was generated and calibrated based on the example of a mid-size Container Terminal “Brajdica” and the City of Rijeka, Croatia. The results indicate that the critical parameters are Queue Length on the approach road to the Container Terminal and the Stop Delay on the main city corridor. High values of these parameters cause negative effects on the environment because of increased fuel consumption and the generation of extra pollution. Due to this problem, a sensitivity analysis of the traffic system performance has been conducted, with a decrement of Terminal Gate Time distribution by 10%. After re-running simulations, the results indicate the impact of subsequent variation in Terminal Gate Time on the decrease of critical parameters, fuel consumption, and vehicle pollution. View Full-Text
Keywords: container terminal traffic flow; stop delay; sustainable urban transportation; traffic micro simulation; traffic monitoring container terminal traffic flow; stop delay; sustainable urban transportation; traffic micro simulation; traffic monitoring
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Grubisic, N.; Krljan, T.; Maglić, L.; Vilke, S. The Microsimulation Model for Assessing the Impact of Inbound Traffic Flows for Container Terminals Located near City Centers. Sustainability 2020, 12, 9478. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12229478

AMA Style

Grubisic N, Krljan T, Maglić L, Vilke S. The Microsimulation Model for Assessing the Impact of Inbound Traffic Flows for Container Terminals Located near City Centers. Sustainability. 2020; 12(22):9478. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12229478

Chicago/Turabian Style

Grubisic, Neven, Tomislav Krljan, Livia Maglić, and Siniša Vilke. 2020. "The Microsimulation Model for Assessing the Impact of Inbound Traffic Flows for Container Terminals Located near City Centers" Sustainability 12, no. 22: 9478. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12229478

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop