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Photovoltaic Plant Optimization to Leverage Electric Self Consumption by Harnessing Building Thermal Mass

1
School of Architecture, University of Navarra, 31009 Pamplona, Spain
2
IREC—Catalonia Institute for Energy Research, 08930 Barcelona, Spain
3
School of Mining and Metallurgical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens (NTUA), 15780 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(2), 553; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12020553
Received: 13 December 2019 / Revised: 3 January 2020 / Accepted: 8 January 2020 / Published: 11 January 2020
The self-consumption without surplus to the grid is one of the aspects of the new Spanish law for prosumers. Increasing the share of renewable energy sources into the grid inherently leads to several constraints. The mismatch between the energy demand and the renewable energy production, which is intermittent in nature, is one of those challenges. Storage offers the possibility to decouple demand and supply, and therefore, it adds flexibility to the electric system. This research evaluates expanding electricity self-consumption without surplus to the grid by harnessing thermal mass storage in the residential sector. The methodology is investigated by using a variable refrigerant flow air conditioner system. Because there is no option to export the excess capacity to the grid, this research proposes an approach to profiting from this surplus energy by activating structural thermal mass, which is quantified from the information acquired using a building energy model. For this purpose, an EnergyPlus model of a flat in Pamplona (Spain) was used. The optimization analysis was based on a set-point modulation control strategy. Results show that under adequate climatological circumstances, the proposed methodology can reduce the total electric energy from the grid between by 60– 80 % . View Full-Text
Keywords: EnergyPlus; photovoltaic solar panel; model predictive control; thermal inertia; low/high thermal mass; genetic algorithm; power-to-heat EnergyPlus; photovoltaic solar panel; model predictive control; thermal inertia; low/high thermal mass; genetic algorithm; power-to-heat
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fernández Bandera, C.; Pachano, J.; Salom, J.; Peppas, A.; Ramos Ruiz, G. Photovoltaic Plant Optimization to Leverage Electric Self Consumption by Harnessing Building Thermal Mass. Sustainability 2020, 12, 553. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12020553

AMA Style

Fernández Bandera C, Pachano J, Salom J, Peppas A, Ramos Ruiz G. Photovoltaic Plant Optimization to Leverage Electric Self Consumption by Harnessing Building Thermal Mass. Sustainability. 2020; 12(2):553. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12020553

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fernández Bandera, Carlos, Jose Pachano, Jaume Salom, Antonis Peppas, and Germán Ramos Ruiz. 2020. "Photovoltaic Plant Optimization to Leverage Electric Self Consumption by Harnessing Building Thermal Mass" Sustainability 12, no. 2: 553. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12020553

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