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Article

A Life Cycle Analysis Approach for the Evaluation of Municipal Solid Waste Management Practices: The Case Study of the Region of Central Macedonia, Greece

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Institute for Bio-Economy and Agri-Technology (iBO), Center for Research and Technology–Hellas (CERTH), 6th km Charilaou-Thermi Rd, GR 57001 Thessaloniki, Greece
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Laboratory of Heat Transfer and Environmental Engineering, Aristotle University Thessaloniki, GR 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
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Department of Supply Chain Management, School of Economics and Business Administration, International Hellenic University, GR 60100 Katerini, Greece
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Laboratory of Natural Resources and Renewable Energies, Chemical Process and Energy Resources Institute, Centre for Research and Technology-Hellas, GR-57001 Thessaloniki, Greece
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Organic Chemistry Laboratory Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Organic Chemistry Laboratory GR-54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
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Ecoresources P.C., Giannitson-Santaroza Str. 15-17, 54627 Thessaloniki, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(19), 8221; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12198221
Received: 18 September 2020 / Revised: 1 October 2020 / Accepted: 4 October 2020 / Published: 6 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Environmental Assessment, Life Cycle Analysis and Sustainability)
Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) management has been a major problem of modern cities for many years. Thus, the development of optimal waste management strategies has been a priority for the European Commission, especially in the transition toward a circular economy. In this paper, an analysis of different MSW treatment methods that can be effectively implemented in the Region of Central Macedonia (RCM) is provided, and their comparison from an environmental point of view is performed. The assessment is based on real data indicated in the recently updated Greek National Waste Management Plan, whereas the different scenarios developed include landfilling without energy recovery, landfilling with energy recovery, recycling and secondary materials recovery, mechanical-biological treatment, bio-waste composting and anaerobic digestion with energy recovery, and incineration with energy recovery. The obtained results illustrate that efficient waste streams sorting is of vital importance for the effective implementation of an integrated waste management system toward the sustainable management of MSW. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental impact assessment; integrated waste management plan; sustainable waste management practices; municipal solid waste (MSW); life cycle assessment (LCA); sustainability assessment environmental impact assessment; integrated waste management plan; sustainable waste management practices; municipal solid waste (MSW); life cycle assessment (LCA); sustainability assessment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Banias, G.; Batsioula, M.; Achillas, C.; Patsios, S.I.; Kontogiannopoulos, K.N.; Bochtis, D.; Moussiopoulos, N. A Life Cycle Analysis Approach for the Evaluation of Municipal Solid Waste Management Practices: The Case Study of the Region of Central Macedonia, Greece. Sustainability 2020, 12, 8221. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12198221

AMA Style

Banias G, Batsioula M, Achillas C, Patsios SI, Kontogiannopoulos KN, Bochtis D, Moussiopoulos N. A Life Cycle Analysis Approach for the Evaluation of Municipal Solid Waste Management Practices: The Case Study of the Region of Central Macedonia, Greece. Sustainability. 2020; 12(19):8221. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12198221

Chicago/Turabian Style

Banias, Georgios, Maria Batsioula, Charisios Achillas, Sotiris I. Patsios, Konstantinos N. Kontogiannopoulos, Dionysis Bochtis, and Nicolas Moussiopoulos. 2020. "A Life Cycle Analysis Approach for the Evaluation of Municipal Solid Waste Management Practices: The Case Study of the Region of Central Macedonia, Greece" Sustainability 12, no. 19: 8221. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12198221

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