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Article

Assessing Spatial Configurations and Transport Energy Usage for Planning Sustainable Communities

1
Department of Civil Engineering, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, 5020 Bergen, Norway
2
Landscape Architecture and Spatial Planning, Wageningen University and Research, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands
3
Department of Urbanism, Faculty of Architecture, TU-Delft, 2628 BL Delft, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(19), 8146; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12198146
Received: 12 September 2020 / Revised: 28 September 2020 / Accepted: 29 September 2020 / Published: 2 October 2020
Energy usage in cities is intertwined with its spatial configuration—the denser and more compact the city, the more concentrated and efficient the energy usage is to be expected. To achieve sustainable communities, cities (and their inhabitants) must reconsider its spatial configurations in the context of rapid urbanisation and growth in light of limited resources and conflicting spatial claims. This article seeks to understand how spatial configurations affect transport energy usage in cities and propose an integrated assessment approach factoring spatial configurational analysis in relation to transport energy usage at the micro- and macroscale. Comparing Bergen, Norway, and Zürich, Switzerland, findings showed that spatial configurations were positively correlated to transport energy usage. Street structures suitable for walking and less suitable for car traffic tended to exhibit lower amounts of energy usage. Following this, nine typologies of transport and land use patterns are described to support planning for more sustainable means of transport. View Full-Text
Keywords: transport energy usage; sustainable mobility; space syntax; natural movement; natural urban transformation transport energy usage; sustainable mobility; space syntax; natural movement; natural urban transformation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Koning, R.d.; Tan, W.G.Z.; van Nes, A. Assessing Spatial Configurations and Transport Energy Usage for Planning Sustainable Communities. Sustainability 2020, 12, 8146. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12198146

AMA Style

Koning Rd, Tan WGZ, van Nes A. Assessing Spatial Configurations and Transport Energy Usage for Planning Sustainable Communities. Sustainability. 2020; 12(19):8146. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12198146

Chicago/Turabian Style

Koning, Remco de, Wendy Guan Zhen Tan, and Akkelies van Nes. 2020. "Assessing Spatial Configurations and Transport Energy Usage for Planning Sustainable Communities" Sustainability 12, no. 19: 8146. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12198146

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