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Open AccessArticle

Characterizing Industrial-Dominated Suburban Formation Using Quantitative Zoning Method: The Case of Bekasi Regency, Indonesia

1
Regional Planning Study Program, Department of Soil Science and Land Resources, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
2
Regional Development Planning Division, Department of Soil Science and Land Resources, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
3
Center for Regional Systems, Analysis, Planning and Development (P4W/CRESTPENT), IPB University, Bogor 16144, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(19), 8094; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12198094
Received: 16 July 2020 / Revised: 18 September 2020 / Accepted: 25 September 2020 / Published: 1 October 2020
Suburbanization of Bekasi Regency as a part of the Jakarta Metropolitan Area (JMA) is mainly induced by urban expansion and industrialization, in which the suburbanization process threatens food security and ultimately disrupts urban sustainability. This study aims to characterize industrial-dominated suburban formation to manage the suburbanization process using a quantitative zoning method. In assessing the characteristics of industrially dominated suburban, this research utilizes the concept of urban–rural development (URD), which consists of five aspects of development (socioeconomic, population, industrial, land-use, and environmental). Factor analysis and Rustiadi’s spatial clustering form regional clusters using all variables while referring to the URD concept. The results showed that there are three regional typologies: (i) urban, (ii) Desakota, and (iii) rural regions. Urban regions are situated in the central and western parts of Bekasi Regency, rural regions are situated in the northern part of Bekasi Regency, while the desakota region is situated between urban and rural regions. Characteristics of each typology then could be used as the basis for development policy in Bekasi Regency which is then constructed towards the protection of agricultural areas in the rural and desakota regions, serving both food security function and strengthening urban sustainability of JMA. View Full-Text
Keywords: desakota region; food security; industrial suburbs; regional typology; Rustiadi’s spatial clustering method; rural region; urban–rural development; urban sustainability desakota region; food security; industrial suburbs; regional typology; Rustiadi’s spatial clustering method; rural region; urban–rural development; urban sustainability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kurnia, A.A.; Rustiadi, E.; Pravitasari, A.E. Characterizing Industrial-Dominated Suburban Formation Using Quantitative Zoning Method: The Case of Bekasi Regency, Indonesia. Sustainability 2020, 12, 8094. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12198094

AMA Style

Kurnia AA, Rustiadi E, Pravitasari AE. Characterizing Industrial-Dominated Suburban Formation Using Quantitative Zoning Method: The Case of Bekasi Regency, Indonesia. Sustainability. 2020; 12(19):8094. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12198094

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kurnia, Adib A.; Rustiadi, Ernan; Pravitasari, Andrea E. 2020. "Characterizing Industrial-Dominated Suburban Formation Using Quantitative Zoning Method: The Case of Bekasi Regency, Indonesia" Sustainability 12, no. 19: 8094. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12198094

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