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Applications of Local Climate Zone Classification Scheme to Improve Urban Sustainability: A Bibliometric Review

by Jiao Xue 1, Ruoyu You 2, Wei Liu 3, Chun Chen 4 and Dayi Lai 1,*
1
School of Design, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
2
Department of Building Services Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong 999077, China
3
Division of Sustainable Buildings, Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Brinellvägen 23, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
4
Department of Mechanical and Automation Engineering, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong 999077, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(19), 8083; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12198083
Received: 10 September 2020 / Revised: 26 September 2020 / Accepted: 27 September 2020 / Published: 30 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
Many of the sustainable urban development issues, such as human heath, energy consumption, carbon emission, are related to the climate of cities. As a result, research insights gained in urban climate study can be applied to improve urban sustainability. Although the Local Climate Zones (LCZ) scheme was originally proposed to provide a standardized classification of landscapes to study urban air temperature, its use was not limited to the study of urban heat islands. This study explores the applications of LCZ scheme in various research domains by conducting a bibliometric analysis in CiteSpace on over 800 articles that cites the original article of LCZ. These articles cover a wide range of research categories including meteorology, atmospheric science, environmental science, remote sensing, building technology, civil engineering, ecology, urban studies, etc. The LCZ scheme facilitates urban climate data collection by refining monitoring network, providing reasonable modelling input, and improving database documentation. In addition to the study of urban heat islands, the LCZ scheme was applied in studies of urban thermal comfort, human health, building energy consumption, and carbon emission. The diffusion of the LCZ scheme to other research domains offers an example that the development of urban climate research advances sustainable urban development. This review provides insights of multidisciplinary studies related to urban climate for policy-makers, urban specialists, architects, ecologists, and others. View Full-Text
Keywords: Local Climate Zone (LCZ); urban climate; urban heat island; thermal comfort; carbon emission; sustainable urban development; building energy consumption Local Climate Zone (LCZ); urban climate; urban heat island; thermal comfort; carbon emission; sustainable urban development; building energy consumption
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Xue, J.; You, R.; Liu, W.; Chen, C.; Lai, D. Applications of Local Climate Zone Classification Scheme to Improve Urban Sustainability: A Bibliometric Review. Sustainability 2020, 12, 8083.

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