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Article

Bankruptcy or Success? The Effective Prediction of a Company’s Financial Development Using LSTM

Institute of Technology and Business in České Budějovice, School of Expertness and Valuation, Okružní 517/10, 370 01 České Budějovice, Czech Republic
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Sustainability 2020, 12(18), 7529; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187529
Received: 20 August 2020 / Revised: 8 September 2020 / Accepted: 11 September 2020 / Published: 12 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Company Assessment: Basis of Its Sustainable Development)
There is no doubt that the issue of making a good prediction about a company’s possible failure is very important, as well as complicated. A number of models have been created for this very purpose, of which one, the long short-term memory (LSTM) model, holds a unique position in that it generates very good results. The objective of this contribution is to create a methodology for the identification of a company failure (bankruptcy) using artificial neural networks (hereinafter referred to as “NN”) with at least one long short-term memory (LSTM) layer. A bankruptcy model was created using deep learning, for which at least one layer of LSTM was used for the construction of the NN. For the purposes of this contribution, Wolfram’s Mathematica 13 (Wolfram Research, Champaign, Illinois) software was used. The research results show that LSTM NN can be used as a tool for predicting company failure. The objective of the contribution was achieved, since the model of a NN was developed, which is able to predict the future development of a company operating in the manufacturing sector in the Czech Republic. It can be applied to small, medium-sized and manufacturing companies alike, as well as used by financial institutions, investors, or auditors as an alternative for evaluating the financial health of companies in a given field. The model is flexible and can therefore be trained according to a different dataset or environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: bankruptcy models; success; prediction; neural networks (NN); long short-term memory (LSTM); company bankruptcy models; success; prediction; neural networks (NN); long short-term memory (LSTM); company
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vochozka, M.; Vrbka, J.; Suler, P. Bankruptcy or Success? The Effective Prediction of a Company’s Financial Development Using LSTM. Sustainability 2020, 12, 7529. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187529

AMA Style

Vochozka M, Vrbka J, Suler P. Bankruptcy or Success? The Effective Prediction of a Company’s Financial Development Using LSTM. Sustainability. 2020; 12(18):7529. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187529

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vochozka, Marek, Jaromir Vrbka, and Petr Suler. 2020. "Bankruptcy or Success? The Effective Prediction of a Company’s Financial Development Using LSTM" Sustainability 12, no. 18: 7529. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187529

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