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Open AccessArticle

The UnMOOCing Process: Extending the Impact of MOOC Educational Resources as OERs

1
Department of Information and Communication Engineering, University of Murcia (UMU), 30008 Murcia, Spain
2
Teaching Systems Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
3
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(18), 7346; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187346
Received: 21 July 2020 / Revised: 26 August 2020 / Accepted: 3 September 2020 / Published: 8 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Opportunities and Challenges for the Future of Open Education)
Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) came into the educational ecosystem attracting the attention of the public media, businesses, teachers, and learners from all over the world. The original courses were completely open and free, targeting the worldwide population. However, current MOOC providers have pivoted towards more private directions, and we often find that MOOC materials are completely closed within their hosting platforms and cannot be retrieved from them by their learners. This diminishes the potential of MOOCs by making content available to a small proportion of learners and severely limits the reusability of the educational resources. In this paper, we present a process that we call ‘unMOOCing’, in which we transform the resources of a MOOC into OERs. We taught a MOOC on Open Education in the UNED Abierta platform, and we ‘unMOOCed’ all of its educational resources, making them available to download by the learners that are taking the course. The results of the unMOOCing were very encouraging: the possibility of downloading the course resources was the most highly rated component of the course. Additionally, the two unMOOCed materials that were considered as most useful (presentations and contents in a PDF) were downloaded by 90% of the learners. Now that the majority of MOOC providers are moving towards a more closed educational approach, we believe that this paper sends a powerful message for bringing back the original MOOC concept of ‘Openness’ with the unMOOCing process, thus contributing to the wider dissemination and democratization of education across the globe. View Full-Text
Keywords: open educational resources; unMOOCing; open education; massive open online courses; learning analytics; technology-enhanced learning; open courseWare open educational resources; unMOOCing; open education; massive open online courses; learning analytics; technology-enhanced learning; open courseWare
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Ruipérez-Valiente, J.A.; Martin, S.; Reich, J.; Castro, M. The UnMOOCing Process: Extending the Impact of MOOC Educational Resources as OERs. Sustainability 2020, 12, 7346.

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