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Article

Life Cycle Assessment of Aquaculture Stewardship Council Certified Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar)

Environmental Studies, Eckerd College 4200 54th Ave N, St Petersburg, FL 33711, USA
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Sustainability 2020, 12(15), 6079; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156079
Received: 25 June 2020 / Revised: 14 July 2020 / Accepted: 21 July 2020 / Published: 29 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Food)
Salmon aquaculture has grown rapidly and is expected to continue to grow to meet consumer demand. Due to concerns about the environmental impacts associated with salmon aquaculture, eco-labeling groups have developed standards intended to hold salmon producers accountable and provide a more sustainable option to consumers. This study utilized life cycle assessment (LCA) to quantify the environmental impacts of salmon raised to Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC) certification standards in order to determine if ASC certification achieves the intended reductions in impact. We find that environmental impacts, such as global warming potential, do not decrease with certification. We also find that salmon feed, in contrast to the on-site aquaculture practices, dominates the environmental impacts of salmon aquaculture and contributes to over 80% of impacts in ozone depletion, global warming potential, acidification, and ecotoxicity. Based on these findings, we recommend that eco-labeling groups prioritize reducing the environmental impacts of the feed supply chain. View Full-Text
Keywords: eco-labeling; fisheries; environmental impact; sustainability eco-labeling; fisheries; environmental impact; sustainability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sherry, J.; Koester, J. Life Cycle Assessment of Aquaculture Stewardship Council Certified Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar). Sustainability 2020, 12, 6079. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156079

AMA Style

Sherry J, Koester J. Life Cycle Assessment of Aquaculture Stewardship Council Certified Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar). Sustainability. 2020; 12(15):6079. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156079

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sherry, Jesse, and Jennifer Koester. 2020. "Life Cycle Assessment of Aquaculture Stewardship Council Certified Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar)" Sustainability 12, no. 15: 6079. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156079

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