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Article

How Can Ski Resorts Get Smart? Transdisciplinary Approaches to Sustainable Winter Tourism in the European Alps

1
Institute for Interdisciplinary Mountain Research, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Innsbruck 6020, Austria
2
Applied Research on Energy Systems, Fondazione Bruno Kessler, 38123 Trento, Italy
3
Centre de Recherches Energétiques et Municipales (CREM), 1920 Martigny, Switzerland
4
Centre of Applied Studies for the Sustainable Management and Protection of Mountain Areas, University of Milan, 25048 Edolo, Italy
5
BSC Kranj, 4000 Kranj, Slovenia
6
Electricité de France, 13015 Marseille, France
7
SEMLORE, Bâtiment Administratif Les Orres 1650, 05200 Les Orres, France
8
RTC Krvavec, 4207 Cerklje na Gorenjskem, Slovenia
9
YBSolution, 05230 La Bâtie-Neuve, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(14), 5593; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145593
Received: 18 June 2020 / Revised: 7 July 2020 / Accepted: 9 July 2020 / Published: 11 July 2020
Climate change and the call for reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, the efficient use of (renewable) energy, and more resilient winter tourism regions, forces ski resorts across the European Alps to look for “smart” approaches to transition towards a sustainable, low-carbon economy. Drawing on the smart-city concept and considering the different historical developments of Alpine resorts, the Smart Altitude Decision-Making Toolkit was developed using a combination of an energy audit tool, a WebGIS, and collaborative and innovative living labs installed in Les Orres (France), Madonna di Campiglio (Italy), Krvavec (Slovenia), and Verbier (Switzerland). This step-by-step Decision-Making Toolkit enables ski resorts to get feedback on their energy demand, an overview of the locally available sources of renewable energy, and insights regarding their potential for improving their energy efficiency by low-carbon interventions. The Decision-Making Toolkit is suitable for knowledge transfer between stakeholders within living labs and moreover provides the flexibility for tailor-made low-carbon strategies adapting to the unique assets and situatedness of ski resorts. View Full-Text
Keywords: mountain tourism; renewable energy; low-carbon economy; living lab; resort towns; transformation knowledge mountain tourism; renewable energy; low-carbon economy; living lab; resort towns; transformation knowledge
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MDPI and ACS Style

Polderman, A.; Haller, A.; Viesi, D.; Tabin, X.; Sala, S.; Giorgi, A.; Darmayan, L.; Rager, J.; Vidovič, J.; Daragon, Q.; Verchère, Y.; Zupan, U.; Houbé, N.; Heinrich, K.; Bender, O.; Bidault, Y. How Can Ski Resorts Get Smart? Transdisciplinary Approaches to Sustainable Winter Tourism in the European Alps. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5593. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145593

AMA Style

Polderman A, Haller A, Viesi D, Tabin X, Sala S, Giorgi A, Darmayan L, Rager J, Vidovič J, Daragon Q, Verchère Y, Zupan U, Houbé N, Heinrich K, Bender O, Bidault Y. How Can Ski Resorts Get Smart? Transdisciplinary Approaches to Sustainable Winter Tourism in the European Alps. Sustainability. 2020; 12(14):5593. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145593

Chicago/Turabian Style

Polderman, Annemarie; Haller, Andreas; Viesi, Diego; Tabin, Xavier; Sala, Stefano; Giorgi, Annamaria; Darmayan, Loïc; Rager, Jakob; Vidovič, Jelena; Daragon, Quentin; Verchère, Yves; Zupan, Uroš; Houbé, Nadine; Heinrich, Kati; Bender, Oliver; Bidault, Yann. 2020. "How Can Ski Resorts Get Smart? Transdisciplinary Approaches to Sustainable Winter Tourism in the European Alps" Sustainability 12, no. 14: 5593. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145593

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