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Article

Tendencies of Residents in Sanjiangyuan National Park to the Optimization of Livelihoods and Conservation of the Natural Reserves

1
College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Minzu University of China, No. 27 Zhongguancun Nandajie, Beijing 100081, China
2
Department of Renewable Resources, Faculty of Agricultural, Life & Environmental Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2H1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(12), 5173; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125173
Received: 7 May 2020 / Revised: 20 June 2020 / Accepted: 22 June 2020 / Published: 24 June 2020
Current research on residents’ ecological protection behaviors commonly adopts the socio-economic approach at the individual level. Yet, such an approach might ignore the impacts of potential psychological factors on resident behaviors, such as on farmers’ willingness and perception to conservation (collectively defined as residents’ tendencies in this study). This research analyzed the factors influencing residents’ preferences for conservation and livelihood trade-off at the community level in Sanjiangyuan National Park, China. We conclude: First, the factors associated with government funding lead to residents’ inclination to trust local government. Subsequently, abundant wealth contributes to the open-mindedness of residents to accept that “changes” are worthy. Second, despite the limited level of education, the fact that residents do not consider terms and conditions of regulations does not hinder recent social and ecological transformation. Third, residents’ comparative support for policies and regulations are commonly related to their interests in livelihood and ecological protection, but the support levels differ among different counties due to geographical and social heterogeneities. Collectively, policymakers should realize the importance of residents’ tendencies as well as their confidence in local government when planning to optimize social ecological transformation policies with a balance between the compensations given and benefits received. View Full-Text
Keywords: optimization of livelihoods and conservation of natural reserve; residents; Sanjiangyuan National Park; tendencies optimization of livelihoods and conservation of natural reserve; residents; Sanjiangyuan National Park; tendencies
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ma, T.; Xu, K.; Xing, Y.; Shu, H.; Sang, W. Tendencies of Residents in Sanjiangyuan National Park to the Optimization of Livelihoods and Conservation of the Natural Reserves. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5173. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125173

AMA Style

Ma T, Xu K, Xing Y, Shu H, Sang W. Tendencies of Residents in Sanjiangyuan National Park to the Optimization of Livelihoods and Conservation of the Natural Reserves. Sustainability. 2020; 12(12):5173. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125173

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ma, Ting, Kun Xu, Yiming Xing, Hang Shu, and Weiguo Sang. 2020. "Tendencies of Residents in Sanjiangyuan National Park to the Optimization of Livelihoods and Conservation of the Natural Reserves" Sustainability 12, no. 12: 5173. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125173

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