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Burnout Syndrome in Reception Systems for Illegal Immigrants in the Mediterranean. A Quantitative and Qualitative Study of Italian Practitioners

1
Department of Pedagogy, Psychology, Philosophy, University of Cagliari, 09123 Cagliari, Italy
2
Psicologi per i Popoli Sardegna, 09128 Cagliari, Italy
3
Department of Psychology, University of Turin, 10124 Turin, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(12), 5145; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125145
Received: 24 May 2020 / Revised: 16 June 2020 / Accepted: 22 June 2020 / Published: 24 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Psychology of Sustainability and Sustainable Development)
Illegal immigration throughout the Mediterranean Sea is an intense and epoch-making phenomenon. This quantitative and qualitative study, based on the framework of the JD-R Model of burnout, described and assessed the risk of burnout among practitioners working in the reception system for illegal immigrants. A sample of Italian practitioners completed the Link Burnout Questionnaire (N = 193) and a semistructured interview (N = 108). The analysis of the questionnaires was carried out via ANOVA and χ2 test. The content of the interviews was examined using T-LAB. Quantitative results showed that the sample was generally at risk of burnout, and about a quarter were at severe risk. Qualitative results highlighted aspects of burnout that are specific to this working context: large workload, mental fatigue, and lack of social support; inability to understand the language and cultural differences of the immigrants; having to deal with organisational problems that come up repeatedly. This study offers coping strategies that can improve organisational health and performance of practitioners working in illegal immigration. Italy’s shape, geographical location, and geo-political role make it a case in point for the whole European continent regarding the sustainability of illegal immigration across the Mediterranean Sea. View Full-Text
Keywords: burnout; illegal immigration; reception system; organisational well-being; quantitative and qualitative study; JD-R model; NGO; volunteering; Mediterranean Sea burnout; illegal immigration; reception system; organisational well-being; quantitative and qualitative study; JD-R model; NGO; volunteering; Mediterranean Sea
MDPI and ACS Style

Nonnis, M.; Pirrone, M.P.; Cuccu, S.; Agus, M.; Pedditzi, M.L.; Cortese, C.G. Burnout Syndrome in Reception Systems for Illegal Immigrants in the Mediterranean. A Quantitative and Qualitative Study of Italian Practitioners. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5145. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125145

AMA Style

Nonnis M, Pirrone MP, Cuccu S, Agus M, Pedditzi ML, Cortese CG. Burnout Syndrome in Reception Systems for Illegal Immigrants in the Mediterranean. A Quantitative and Qualitative Study of Italian Practitioners. Sustainability. 2020; 12(12):5145. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125145

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nonnis, Marcello, Monica P. Pirrone, Stefania Cuccu, Mirian Agus, Maria L. Pedditzi, and Claudio G. Cortese 2020. "Burnout Syndrome in Reception Systems for Illegal Immigrants in the Mediterranean. A Quantitative and Qualitative Study of Italian Practitioners" Sustainability 12, no. 12: 5145. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125145

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