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Article

Socio-Economic and Environmental Analyses of Sustainable Public Transport in the Philippines

1
Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, Princetonlaan 8a, 3584 CB Utrecht, The Netherlands
2
Utrecht University School of Economics, Utrecht University, Kriekenpitplein 21-22, 3584 EC Utrecht, The Netherlands
3
Research Center for Human Development Studies, University of Science and Technology of Southern Philippines-Cagayan de Oro Campus, Misamis Oriental 9000, Philippines
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Mindoro State College of Agriculture and Technology, Calapan City Campus, Masipit, Calapan City, Oriental Mindoro 5200, Philippines
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(11), 4720; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114720
Received: 18 May 2020 / Revised: 3 June 2020 / Accepted: 5 June 2020 / Published: 9 June 2020
Electric vehicles are regarded as energy transition technology towards more sustainable and environment-friendly transportation systems. Despite the benefits of reducing the dependence on fossil fuels and greenhouse gas emissions, the adoption of electric vehicles faces several obstacles ranging from financing issues, government policies, and public acceptance. This study aims to identify the economic, environmental, and social impact of the adoption of electric vehicles for public transportation. Using the Philippines as a case study, the findings highlight the economic advantage of investing in electric public transportation with high public acceptance. The results further identify significant decrease in air pollution, reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and encourage lowering the reliance on imported fossil fuels by shifting the public transport from conventional to electric transport system. This study recommends stricter implementation of government policies on modernized public transportation, stronger government support on financing mechanisms, establishment of charging stations in public and private terminals, and boosting programs for developing local-made electric vehicles. To make electric vehicle more environment-friendly, the government must accelerate the energy transition by increasing the electricity share from renewable sources and investing in more sustainable sources of energy. View Full-Text
Keywords: electric vehicle; sustainable; public transport; investment; economic analysis; environmental impact; social acceptance; developing countries electric vehicle; sustainable; public transport; investment; economic analysis; environmental impact; social acceptance; developing countries
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MDPI and ACS Style

Agaton, C.B.; Collera, A.A.; Guno, C.S. Socio-Economic and Environmental Analyses of Sustainable Public Transport in the Philippines. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4720. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114720

AMA Style

Agaton CB, Collera AA, Guno CS. Socio-Economic and Environmental Analyses of Sustainable Public Transport in the Philippines. Sustainability. 2020; 12(11):4720. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114720

Chicago/Turabian Style

Agaton, Casper B., Angelie A. Collera, and Charmaine S. Guno 2020. "Socio-Economic and Environmental Analyses of Sustainable Public Transport in the Philippines" Sustainability 12, no. 11: 4720. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114720

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