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Article

The Analysis of Urban Fluvial Landscapes in the Centre of Spain, Their Characterization, Values and Interventions

1
Departamento de Geografía, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain
2
Programa de Pos Graduação em Engenharia Civil: Construção e Infraestrutura, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre-RS 90040-060, Brazil
3
Departamento de Ingeniería del Transporte, Territorio y Urbanismo, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(11), 4661; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114661
Received: 5 May 2020 / Revised: 27 May 2020 / Accepted: 29 May 2020 / Published: 7 June 2020
River areas are undoubtedly among the most valuable territorial areas in Europe, not only in terms of their eco-landscape and use but also, culturally. However, there is currently a sharp reduction in the extension and increase of deterioration of riverbanks around the world. A substantial part of losses and deterioration are associated with the artificialization of the territories, derived mainly from a less than respectful urbanization around these landscapes. Urban and peri-urban riverbanks are landscapes in expansion due to the continuous growth of built-up spaces. Therefore, they should be areas of preferential consideration, especially in territories with a marked tendency to dryness, like the centre of the Iberian Peninsula. This article aims to contribute to our understanding of these spaces through the study of four distinct cases in the centre of the peninsula, in particular: the river Manzanares running through the city of Madrid, the river Tagus in Toledo and running through Talavera de la Reina, and the river Henares in Guadalajara. Three of the four urban water courses analyzed are zones of special interest for waterfowl: they sustain a winter population that varies between 745 and 1529 birds and they provide a home to some globally threatened species. The density of the riparian birds is also very high during winter, these values oscillating between a mean of 141.16 and 240.12 birds/10 ha. It should be noted that the diversity of this group of birds in the four regions studies is also high (H > 2.4 nats). The article also examines the interventions and the urban planning criteria applied to these urban and peri-urban river spaces, inferring the need to reassess urban planning in river areas to ensure it is compatible with their operation, values and possible uses. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban rivers; urban planning; cultural landscape; natural landscape; waterfowl; riparian birds urban rivers; urban planning; cultural landscape; natural landscape; waterfowl; riparian birds
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MDPI and ACS Style

Holgado, P.M.; Jendrzyczkowski Rieth, L.; Berrocal Menárguez, A.-B.; Allende Álvarez, F. The Analysis of Urban Fluvial Landscapes in the Centre of Spain, Their Characterization, Values and Interventions. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4661. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114661

AMA Style

Holgado PM, Jendrzyczkowski Rieth L, Berrocal Menárguez A-B, Allende Álvarez F. The Analysis of Urban Fluvial Landscapes in the Centre of Spain, Their Characterization, Values and Interventions. Sustainability. 2020; 12(11):4661. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114661

Chicago/Turabian Style

Holgado, Pedro M., Lara Jendrzyczkowski Rieth, Ana-Belén Berrocal Menárguez, and Fernando Allende Álvarez. 2020. "The Analysis of Urban Fluvial Landscapes in the Centre of Spain, Their Characterization, Values and Interventions" Sustainability 12, no. 11: 4661. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114661

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