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Article

The Relationship between Green Innovation, Social Entrepreneurship, and Sustainable Development

1
Department of Applied Economics, Faculty of Law and Social Sciences, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Ronda de Toledo, 13003 Ciudad Real, Spain
2
Department of Applied Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Plaza de la Universidad 1, 02071 Albacete, Spain
3
Department of Accounting and Finance, Faculty of Economics and Business, Campus de Somosaguas, University Complutense of Madrid, 28223 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(11), 4467; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114467
Received: 8 April 2020 / Revised: 25 May 2020 / Accepted: 26 May 2020 / Published: 1 June 2020
Economic growth is one of the important objectives of economic policy due to the beneficial effects it has on employment and economic well-being. The work carried out in the last few decades has highlighted the roles that entrepreneurship and innovation play in promoting this objective. However, the environmental deterioration resulting from policies implemented to stimulate growth has led to considerations of other objectives that are more compatible with the defense of the environment, such as sustainable development. Therefore, it is important to determine the factors that stimulate them. This paper considers traditional and social entrepreneurship and innovations and green innovation. The effect of institutions as generators of legal and economic environments on both types of entrepreneurship is contemplated. On the other hand, considering the possibility of “bidirectional causality”, the relationship between both types of entrepreneurship and institutions is also analyzed. This will allow us to design measures aimed at stimulating sustainable development. The objective of this paper is to analyze these relationships through two estimates: first, an analysis of the relationship between both types of entrepreneurship and innovations and sustainable development and second, the relationship between social and traditional entrepreneurship and institutions. In both cases, the path coefficient of each of them is compared with respect to the final objective, which would be useful when designing economic policies. Empirical analysis is carried out, producing an estimation of the structural equation modeling (SEM) model using the partial least squares (PLS) technique in the case of 20 Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable development; green innovation; social entrepreneurship; institutions sustainable development; green innovation; social entrepreneurship; institutions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Galindo-Martín, M.-A.; Castaño-Martínez, M.-S.; Méndez-Picazo, M.-T. The Relationship between Green Innovation, Social Entrepreneurship, and Sustainable Development. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4467. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114467

AMA Style

Galindo-Martín M-A, Castaño-Martínez M-S, Méndez-Picazo M-T. The Relationship between Green Innovation, Social Entrepreneurship, and Sustainable Development. Sustainability. 2020; 12(11):4467. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114467

Chicago/Turabian Style

Galindo-Martín, Miguel-Angel, María-Soledad Castaño-Martínez, and María-Teresa Méndez-Picazo. 2020. "The Relationship between Green Innovation, Social Entrepreneurship, and Sustainable Development" Sustainability 12, no. 11: 4467. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114467

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