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Open AccessArticle

Self-Organising Floor Plans in Care Homes

1
School of Creative Arts, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, Hatfield AL10 9AB, UK
2
Wilson School of Design, Kwantlen Polytechnic University, 12666 72 Avenue, Surrey, BC V3W 2M8, Canada
3
Department of Computer Science, Brunel University, Kingston Lane, Uxbridge UB8 3PH, UK
4
Morphogen, 325 E 84th Street, New York, NY 10028, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(11), 4393; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114393
Received: 29 April 2020 / Revised: 18 May 2020 / Accepted: 20 May 2020 / Published: 27 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Self-Organised Simulation for Sustainable Building Design)
This paper presents and discusses an optimisation approach applied to spatial layouts in care home building design. With this study, we introduce a method for increasing the floor plan efficiency using a self-organising genetic algorithm, thus reducing energy consumption, improving the wellbeing of residents and having an implicit impact on the costs of energy and health care. In order to find an optimal spatial configuration, we elaborated and tested a number of design criteria based on existing literature reviews and interpreted through initial considerations of care home layouts. These are used as objectives in a Genetic Algorithm (GA) to evaluate the best design solution. The self-organised floor plan is then used to run a final simulation to observe how residents could use the optimised spaces and to measure the improved efficiency of the new plans. The paper concludes with the discussion of the results and some considerations for future studies and experiments using emergence behaviour models to improve sustainable development in design. View Full-Text
Keywords: care homes; spatial layouts; care home design; generative design; genetic algorithms; agent-based simulation care homes; spatial layouts; care home design; generative design; genetic algorithms; agent-based simulation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Carta, S.; St. Loe, S.; Turchi, T.; Simon, J. Self-Organising Floor Plans in Care Homes. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4393. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114393

AMA Style

Carta S, St. Loe S, Turchi T, Simon J. Self-Organising Floor Plans in Care Homes. Sustainability. 2020; 12(11):4393. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114393

Chicago/Turabian Style

Carta, Silvio; St. Loe, Stephanie; Turchi, Tommaso; Simon, Joel. 2020. "Self-Organising Floor Plans in Care Homes" Sustainability 12, no. 11: 4393. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114393

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