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Open AccessArticle

Are Opera Singers Fit or Not?

Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Anatomy and Histology Section, University of Florence, 50134 Florence, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These Authors contributed equally to the work.
Sustainability 2020, 12(10), 4213;
Received: 7 April 2020 / Revised: 2 May 2020 / Accepted: 16 May 2020 / Published: 21 May 2020
Little information is available about the physical fitness of opera singers. The aim of this study is to measure cardiac engagement during rehearsals and to test both cardiovascular fitness and body composition in a group of opera singers. Thirty-two opera singers (17 female and 15 male) were enrolled for the assessment of body composition by bio impedance, of cardiovascular fitness by submaximal exercise test on a cycle ergometer and the physical effort during singing. Anthropometric parameters showed an overweight condition mainly due to an increase in fat mass. Watts reached during the cycle ergometer test were below the normal range for the general population. During rehearsals, singers have reached 95% of the maximum heart rate. Nowadays, opera singers show low levels of physical fitness, but singing is an activity that requires a high heart effort. Therefore, it is recommended to involve such professionals in a gradual and individualized physical training program in order to avoid fatigue during performances and achieve a better singing performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: aerobic training; singing; physical fitness; heart rate; physical effort of singing aerobic training; singing; physical fitness; heart rate; physical effort of singing
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Branca, J.J.V.; Gulisano, M.; Marella, M.; Mascherini, G. Are Opera Singers Fit or Not? Sustainability 2020, 12, 4213.

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