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Factors Shaping Cow’s Milk Production in the EU

Department of Agrotechnology, Agricultural Production Management and Agribusiness, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland
Department of Economics and Organization of Enterprises, Warsaw University of Life Science—SGGW, 02-787 Warszawa, Poland
Department of Agricultural Economics, Sociology and Education, Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA 16802, USA
Department of Animal Science, Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA 16802, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(1), 420;
Received: 18 December 2019 / Accepted: 30 December 2019 / Published: 6 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability)
The milk market in the European Union (EU) is adjusting rapidly to the removal of dairy quotas. The most important changes include increased milk yield per cow, increased total milk production, decreased number of cows, and the decreased milk consumption. The main aim of the paper is to examine the milk production changes in the EU. We investigated the dynamics of changes in farm milk production during the period from 1998–2017 in the EU. Moreover, we investigated the impact of the removal of quotas on the production of milk on farms in the EU countries for the period from 2015–2017. Milk production in the EU increased from 151 million tons in 1998 to 165 million tons in 2017 (a 10% increase). A multi-variate regression model was to test which explanatory variables have an impact on milk production in the EU. The most important factors were a gross domestic product, final household consumption expenditure (current prices, million euro), and population (number). View Full-Text
Keywords: milk market; production; prognosis milk market; production; prognosis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bórawski, P.; Pawlewicz, A.; Parzonko, A.; Harper, J.K.; Holden, L. Factors Shaping Cow’s Milk Production in the EU. Sustainability 2020, 12, 420.

AMA Style

Bórawski P, Pawlewicz A, Parzonko A, Harper JK, Holden L. Factors Shaping Cow’s Milk Production in the EU. Sustainability. 2020; 12(1):420.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bórawski, Piotr, Adam Pawlewicz, Andrzej Parzonko, Jayson, K. Harper, and Lisa Holden. 2020. "Factors Shaping Cow’s Milk Production in the EU" Sustainability 12, no. 1: 420.

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