Next Article in Journal
Energy Crops in Regional Biogas Systems: An Integrative Spatial LCA to Assess the Influence of Crop Mix and Location on Cultivation GHG Emissions
Next Article in Special Issue
Governance of Social Innovation in Forestry
Previous Article in Journal
Motivating Sustainable Change in Tourism Behavior: The First- and Third-Person Effects of Hard and Soft Messages
Previous Article in Special Issue
How a Transformation towards Sustainable Community Catering Can Succeed
Article

Multi-Stakeholder Initiatives as Social Innovation for Governance and Practice: A Review of Responsible Mining Initiatives

1
Faculty of Science and Technology, Free University of Bozen-Bolzano, 39100 Bozen-Bolzano, Italy
2
Professorship of Business Chemistry, Ulm University, 89081 Ulm, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(1), 236; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010236
Received: 14 November 2019 / Revised: 20 December 2019 / Accepted: 22 December 2019 / Published: 27 December 2019
Mining mineral resources has been found to be an ambiguous way of achieving sustainable development. It can spark the economic development of poor regions, but at the same time it is associated with severe sustainability issues, particularly in areas with governance deficits. Recent developments have spurred a vibrant debate on how to achieve the development opportunities while minimizing the sustainability impacts. As a result, voluntary multi-stakeholder initiatives (MSI) originated with differing foci, aims, and organizational designs. Such MSIs for responsible mining can be interpreted as a social innovation from two perspectives: (1) stakeholder groups cooperate to complement, concretize, initiate, and prepare, but also compete with other forms of governance and possibly replace them; (2) the MSIs support implementing responsible mining in practice. A structured review of 20 MSIs’ documents along an analytical framework covering governance, change in practice, and diffusion shows that the two roles of MSIs can hardly be separated, as the change in practice is enabled via a change in governance. Moreover, the MSIs are found to be a valuable complement to traditional governance of responsible mining, as they transcend national borders, allow for the inclusion of informal miners into professionalization, and offer support to companies to enhance their sustainability performance. Nevertheless, the MSIs are voluntary and relatively young. This limits their power and requires further research for which six avenues are identified in this paper. View Full-Text
Keywords: multi-stakeholder initiatives; social innovation; certification schemes; responsible mining; governance; conflict minerals; sustainability; environmental impacts; social impacts multi-stakeholder initiatives; social innovation; certification schemes; responsible mining; governance; conflict minerals; sustainability; environmental impacts; social impacts
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Sauer, P.C.; Hiete, M. Multi-Stakeholder Initiatives as Social Innovation for Governance and Practice: A Review of Responsible Mining Initiatives. Sustainability 2020, 12, 236. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010236

AMA Style

Sauer PC, Hiete M. Multi-Stakeholder Initiatives as Social Innovation for Governance and Practice: A Review of Responsible Mining Initiatives. Sustainability. 2020; 12(1):236. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010236

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sauer, Philipp C., and Michael Hiete. 2020. "Multi-Stakeholder Initiatives as Social Innovation for Governance and Practice: A Review of Responsible Mining Initiatives" Sustainability 12, no. 1: 236. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010236

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop