Next Article in Journal
Spatio-Temporal Pattern of Land Degradation along the China-Mongolia Railway (Mongolia)
Previous Article in Journal
Attitude towards Bike Use in Rende, a Small Town in South Italy
Article Menu
Issue 9 (May-1) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Effects of the Loss on Ignition of Fly Ash on the Properties of High-Volume Fly Ash Concrete

1
Department of Civil Engineering, National Chung-Hsing University, No.145, Xingda Road, Taichung City 402, Taiwan
2
Department of Civil Engineering, Chienkuo Technology University, No.1, Chiehshou North Road, Chunghau City 500, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(9), 2704; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11092704
Received: 18 April 2019 / Revised: 7 May 2019 / Accepted: 8 May 2019 / Published: 13 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
  |  
PDF [2355 KB, uploaded 13 May 2019]
  |  

Abstract

This study presents the experimental results of fresh and hardened properties of concrete incorporating high-volume fly ash (HVFA). Two kinds of low-calcium fly ash with loss on ignition (LOI) of 5% and 8% were used as replacement for cement and/or fine aggregate of 0% (control), 20%, 40%, 50%, 60% and 80% by weight of the total cementitious materials. The properties of fresh concrete tested included the slump, air content, unit weight and setting time; those of hardened concrete determined included compressive strength, modulus of elasticity, flexural strength and drying shrinkage. Test results indicate that the concretes made with high-LOI (8%) fly ash can be successfully produced for structural concrete, which contains fly ash of up to 60% of the total cementitious materials. The high-LOI fly ash-concretes with higher replacement levels presented longer setting times. However, although both the fresh and hardened properties of high LOI fly ash concretes were inferior to those of the low-LOI (5%) fly ash concretes, the high modulus of elasticity, the adequate strength development characteristics both at early and later ages (up to 365 days) and the low dry shrinkage were observed when compared to those of the control concrete with a comparable 28-day compressive strength of 30 MPa. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-volume fly ash; loss on ignition; compressive strength; shrinkage high-volume fly ash; loss on ignition; compressive strength; shrinkage
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, H.-J.; Shih, N.-H.; Wu, C.-H.; Lin, S.-K. Effects of the Loss on Ignition of Fly Ash on the Properties of High-Volume Fly Ash Concrete. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2704.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top