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Sustainability 2019, 11(8), 2307; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11082307

A Comparative Study of Cross-Border and Domestic Acquisition Performances in the South Korean M&A Market: Testing the Two Competing Theories of Culture

1
College of International and Area Studies, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies (Global Campus), 81 Oedae-ro, Mohyeon-eup, Cheoin-gu, Yongin-si 17035, Gyeonggi-do, Korea
2
HUFS Business School, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies (Seoul Campus), 107 Imun-ro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 02450, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 March 2019 / Revised: 1 April 2019 / Accepted: 5 April 2019 / Published: 17 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
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Abstract

To gain a sustainable competitive advantage through cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&As), acquiring firms need to correctly anticipate the consequences of national cultural differences. By comparing the cultural antecedents as well as the performances of domestic M&As (DMA) and cross-border M&As (CMA) in the Korean M&A market from 1999 to 2007, this study aims to gauge whether CMAs can be a viable option for a sustainable growth strategy. This paper tests two conflicting hypotheses (H) regarding the effects of cultural differences. From the perspective of the essentialist (“classic”) concept of culture, DMAs will outperform CMAs (H1) because culture clashes may take place less often in DMAs than in CMAs. However, from the perspective of the social constructivist concept of culture, the post-merger performance will be dependent upon the stability and legitimacy of the intergroup status relations between the acquiring and acquired firms regardless of whether it is DMA or CMA (H2). This study also scrutinizes the moderating effects of the level of integration on these two hypothesized relationships (H3 and H4). The results of this paper demonstrate that the social constructivist concept of culture overall provides a better theoretical explanation. View Full-Text
Keywords: cross-border M&A; sustainable competitive advantage; post-merger performance; South Korea; the theory of culture; cultural differences; acculturation cross-border M&A; sustainable competitive advantage; post-merger performance; South Korea; the theory of culture; cultural differences; acculturation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Lee, S.-J.; Kim, S.; Kim, J. A Comparative Study of Cross-Border and Domestic Acquisition Performances in the South Korean M&A Market: Testing the Two Competing Theories of Culture. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2307.

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