Next Article in Journal
The Sustainability of Reclaimed Asphalt as a Resource for Road Pavement Management through a Circular Economic Model
Next Article in Special Issue
Double-Edged Effects of Socially Responsible Human Resource Management on Employee Task Performance and Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Mediating by Role Ambiguity and Moderating by Prosocial Motivation
Previous Article in Journal
Euroregion as an Entity Stimulating the Sustainable Development of the Cross-Border Market for Cultural Services in a City Divided by a Border
Previous Article in Special Issue
From Psychological Theoretical Assumptions to New Research Perspectives in Sustainability and Sustainable Development: Motivation in the Workplace
Article Menu
Issue 8 (April-2) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview

Sustainability within Fashion Business Models: A Systematic Literature Review

School of Business, University of Iceland, Gimli Saemundargata 2, 101 Reykjavík, Iceland
Environment and Natural Resources, School of business, University of Iceland, Gimli, Saemundargata 2, 101 Reykjavík, Iceland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(8), 2233;
Received: 12 February 2019 / Revised: 28 March 2019 / Accepted: 10 April 2019 / Published: 13 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Psychology of Sustainability and Sustainable Development)
PDF [1463 KB, uploaded 13 April 2019]


Production, marketing, and consumption of fashion products result in negative environmental impacts due to the massive production volume of fashion items. However, there is limited literature on how the fashion industry integrates sustainability-related practices into business models, how sustainability is measured within the business models, or what drives the sustainability-emphasis of the fashion industry. Therefore, it is consequential to conduct a systematic review of the existing literature concerning how the fashion industry integrates sustainability into business models, if and how sustainability-related practices are measured to ensure transparency and lead to improvements, and to recognize what drives sustainability in fashion business models. The key aspects regarding sustainability integration into business models include organization values, entrepreneurship, innovation, and internationalization processes. With regards to measurement of impacts and reporting, it is evident that Corporate Social Responsibility, the Global Reporting Initiative, and the Apparel and Footwear Sector Supplement are of relevance for the industry, mainly with regards to the supply chain. The drivers influencing sustainability practices are government and regulatory pressure, market pressure, closed-loop pressure, value creation, innovation, equity, authenticity, functionality, localism, and exclusivity. The findings are of relevance both for academia and the fashion industry, as the paper provides evidence on what has already been studied by academia, but also highlights a need for further studies on the fashion industry with regards to sustainability practices. This paper; therefore, opens a path for academics to consider empirical studies on how to investigate the sustainability strategies of fashion businesses, elements of fashion business models, driving forces influencing actions, measurements, key performance indicators, transparency, and disclosure, just to name a few examples. View Full-Text
Keywords: business model; fashion; sustainability; measure; driver; report business model; fashion; sustainability; measure; driver; report

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Thorisdottir, T.S.; Johannsdottir, L. Sustainability within Fashion Business Models: A Systematic Literature Review. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2233.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top