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Open AccessArticle

Mechanical-Damage Behavior of Mortars Reinforced with Recycled Polypropylene Fibers

1
Escuela de Construcción Civil, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Avenida Vicuña Mackenna 4860, Macul, Santiago 7820436, Chile
2
Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez, Avenida Diagonal Las Torres 2640, Peñalolén, Santiago 7941169, Chile
3
Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez, Avenida Padre Hurtado 750, Viña del Mar, Viña del Mar 2581907, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(8), 2200; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11082200
Received: 7 March 2019 / Revised: 5 April 2019 / Accepted: 5 April 2019 / Published: 12 April 2019
Commercial polypropylene fibers are incorporated as reinforcement of cement-based materials to improve their mechanical and damage performances related to properties such as tensile and flexural strength, toughness, spalling and impact resistance, delay formation of cracks and reducing crack widths. Yet, the production of these polypropylene fibers generates economic costs and environmental impacts and, therefore, the use of alternative and more sustainable fibers has become more popular in the research materials community. This paper addresses the characterization of recycled polypropylene fibers (RPFs) obtained from discarded domestic plastic sweeps, whose morphological, physical and mechanical properties are provided in order to assess their implementation as fiber-reinforcement in cement-based mortars. An experimental program addressing the incorporation of RPFs on the mechanical-damage performance of mortars, including a sensitivity analysis on the volumes and lengths of fiber, is developed. Using analysis of variance, this paper shows that RPFs statistically enhance flexural toughness and impact strength for high dosages and long fiber lengths. On the contrary, the latter properties are not statistically modified by the incorporation of low dosages and short lengths of RPFs, but still in these cases the incorporation of RPFs in mortars have the positive environmental impact of waste encapsulation. In the case of average compressive and flexural strength of mortars, these properties are not statistically modified when adding RPFs. View Full-Text
Keywords: recycled polypropylene fiber; fiber-reinforced mortar; mechanical performance; damage reduction; waste valorization recycled polypropylene fiber; fiber-reinforced mortar; mechanical performance; damage reduction; waste valorization
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Araya-Letelier, G.; Maturana, P.; Carrasco, M.; Antico, F.C.; Gómez, M.S. Mechanical-Damage Behavior of Mortars Reinforced with Recycled Polypropylene Fibers. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2200.

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