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Article

Internationalization and Its Discontents: Help-Seeking Behaviors of Students in a Multicultural Environment Regarding Acculturative Stress and Depression

1
International Cooperation Policy, Graduate School of Asia Pacific Studies, Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University, Beppu, Oita 874-8577, Japan
2
Public Health Management Division, Graduate School of Asia Pacific Studies, Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University, Beppu, Oita 874-8577, Japan
3
Campus de Dijon, Sciences Po, 21000 Dijon, France
4
Centre for Interdisciplinary Social Research, Phenikaa University, Yen Nghia, Ha Dong, Hanoi 100803, Vietnam
5
Faculty of Economics and Finance, Phenikaa University, Yen Nghia, Ha Dong, Hanoi 100803, Vietnam
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(7), 1865; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11071865
Received: 15 March 2019 / Revised: 23 March 2019 / Accepted: 25 March 2019 / Published: 28 March 2019
Stress and depression can be seen as the major obstacles for sustained education and attainment of foreign students, and in turn, the sustainability of an education system as a whole. However, the mainstream consideration following Berry’s model on acculturation does not take into account whether students of the host countries are immune to these problems. This study aims to examine the prevalence and predictors of help-seeking behaviors among international and domestic students in a multicultural environment by employing ANOVA and polynomial regression. Some significant results from this study are: (1) Informal sources were the most prevalent sources of help-seeking among international and domestic students, while formal help-seeking was not popular; (2) international students were more likely to overcome emotional difficulties alone and seek help on the Internet than domestic students; (3) acculturative stress was a positive predictor of formal, informal, and miscellaneous help-seeking behaviors among international students and informal help-seeking behaviors or among domestic students; and (4) depression was negatively correlated with the willingness of international students to seek help from informal sources. The findings hint at the risk of acculturative stress faced by domestic students in a multicultural environment being overlooked and the lack of help-seeking sources for international students. The study also provides empirical evidence for policy-planners to design a sustainable education system better at supporting students dealing with depression and acculturative stress. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable education; internationalization; international university; higher education; help-seeking; acculturative stress; depression; international student; social connectedness; Japan sustainable education; internationalization; international university; higher education; help-seeking; acculturative stress; depression; international student; social connectedness; Japan
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nguyen, M.-H.; Serik, M.; Vuong, T.-T.; Ho, M.-T. Internationalization and Its Discontents: Help-Seeking Behaviors of Students in a Multicultural Environment Regarding Acculturative Stress and Depression. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1865. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11071865

AMA Style

Nguyen M-H, Serik M, Vuong T-T, Ho M-T. Internationalization and Its Discontents: Help-Seeking Behaviors of Students in a Multicultural Environment Regarding Acculturative Stress and Depression. Sustainability. 2019; 11(7):1865. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11071865

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nguyen, Minh-Hoang, Meirmanov Serik, Thu-Trang Vuong, and Manh-Tung Ho. 2019. "Internationalization and Its Discontents: Help-Seeking Behaviors of Students in a Multicultural Environment Regarding Acculturative Stress and Depression" Sustainability 11, no. 7: 1865. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11071865

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