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Sustainability 2019, 11(4), 1203; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11041203

Healthcare and SDGs Governance in Light of the Sustainability Helix Model: Evidence from the African Continent

1
Department of Pharmacy, University of Salerno, 132, 84084 Fisciano, Italy
2
Department of Literary, Linguistic and Comparative Studies, University of Naples “L’Orientale”, 80138 Naples, Italy
3
Department of Law and Economics, University of Rome Unitelma Sapienza, 295, 00161 Rome, Italy
4
Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 526 Benin, Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 December 2018 / Revised: 30 January 2019 / Accepted: 20 February 2019 / Published: 25 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability for Healthcare)
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Abstract

This work is based on a view of healthcare as a fundamental Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) to share globally to be effective at local level. On this basis, the paper analyzes the health programs in less-favored areas with the aim of understanding why the United Nations SDGs are so difficult to reach in some countries. A brief review of the main literature and research on the health governance systems in three countries of the African continent have been conducted to this aim. The results are interpreted through the sustainability helix model (SHM). Key roles and conditions of effectiveness of the health sustainable development governance approach in the investigated countries are discussed. The main findings reveal that the analyzed governance systems lack implementation plans. By discussing the observed problem in the light of the sustainability helix model, fundamental elements of a health sustainable development helix model have been identified in less favored countries where key actors and roles are identified. The study highlights, in particular, the relevance of ‘interface’ roles played by non-governmental actors (NGA) and international actors (IA) in the health governance system of less-favored countries. These actors and roles allow connections between the global and the local levels of action favoring interaction among actors institutionally devoted to governing development. View Full-Text
Keywords: health; programs; sustainable development; sustainable development goals; sustainability helix model health; programs; sustainable development; sustainable development goals; sustainability helix model
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Saviano, M.; Sciarelli, F.; Rinaldi, A.; Alowanou, G.G. Healthcare and SDGs Governance in Light of the Sustainability Helix Model: Evidence from the African Continent. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1203.

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