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Review

Features, Driving Forces and Transition of the Household Energy Consumption in China: A Review

by 1,2, 1 and 3,*
1
College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
2
Key Lab for Environmental Computation and Sustainability of Liaoning Province, Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China
3
Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies e. V. (IASS), 14467 Potsdam, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(4), 1186; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11041186
Received: 26 December 2018 / Revised: 2 February 2019 / Accepted: 19 February 2019 / Published: 23 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue International Perspectives on Sustainable Energy Transition)
Household energy consumption has been a major contributor to the increase in global energy demand and carbon emission, and the household sector has also become one of the most crucial factors shaping the management of developments towards sustainability. However, there is still a knowledge gap regarding the household energy consumption in China. Due to the vast territory and the differences among regional conditions, it is critical to conduct a systemic review to illustrate the overall situation as well as the detailed mechanisms of the household energy consumption in China. By employing both qualitative and quantitative methods, two key features of the household energy consumption in China are presented; one is regarding the total amount and the structure of the household energy consumption, and the second is the significant urban-rural gap. The driving forces are investigated from the perspective of external determinants and internal determinants, which consist of seven key factors; finally, the transition roadmap towards the sustainable energy system for the household level are presented based on the text analysis from the four key policy documents. Weaknesses in the current research on the energy geography of household level also exist, such as the lack of single factor research and the lack of integration and comprehensive analysis. Therefore, future studies need to strengthen the research of regional household energy consumption structure, spatial-temporal process, and its motivation mechanism, and sustainable development of energy, so as to explore space-social structure of household energy consumption and spatial-temporal interaction. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy transition; household energy consumption; spatial pattern; China energy transition; household energy consumption; spatial pattern; China
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jiang, L.; Chen, X.; Xue, B. Features, Driving Forces and Transition of the Household Energy Consumption in China: A Review. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1186. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11041186

AMA Style

Jiang L, Chen X, Xue B. Features, Driving Forces and Transition of the Household Energy Consumption in China: A Review. Sustainability. 2019; 11(4):1186. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11041186

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jiang, Lu, Xingpeng Chen, and Bing Xue. 2019. "Features, Driving Forces and Transition of the Household Energy Consumption in China: A Review" Sustainability 11, no. 4: 1186. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11041186

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