Next Article in Journal
Detecting Indicators for Startup Business Success: Sentiment Analysis Using Text Data Mining
Previous Article in Journal
Rating the Raters: Evaluating how ESG Rating Agencies Integrate Sustainability Principles
Article Menu
Issue 3 (February-1) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2019, 11(3), 916;

Water Services Sustainability: Institutional Arrangements and Shared Responsibilities

Institute of Water and Energy Sciences (Including Climate Change), Pan African University, Tlemcen 13000, Algeria
Centre for Middle Eastern Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Lund University, 22100 Lund, Sweden
Somali Water Development and Research Consulting Firm, Garowe, Somalia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 January 2019 / Revised: 5 February 2019 / Accepted: 6 February 2019 / Published: 11 February 2019
Full-Text   |   PDF [1483 KB, uploaded 12 February 2019]   |  


Poor water services in developing countries after national conflict as a result of institutional setups and devastating infrastructures. This study assesses how institutional arrangements have affected the poor water services in Somalia, through thematic analyses. The huge gap in the literature about Somalia highlights the significant need of such research works and the originality of this paper. For this paper, different stakeholders were interviewed from seven zones of the city of Garowe. The results show that public private partnerships (PPP) play a vital role in providing drinking water. The results show that the institutions involved in the water sector in Puntland are not well organized. Roles and responsibilities were unclear, and different governmental institutions criticized each other for deliberately taking over others’ responsibilities, leading to poor and over-priced domestic water quality. Most consumers cannot afford a drinking water supply to their homes, so they are forced to walk long distances and queue for a long time in order to access water. Our analysis shows that it will be difficult for Somalia to achieve Sustainable Development Goal six (SDG 6) (target one) under the current institutional arrangements. Institutional reforms are recommended in the water sector in order to achieve SDG 6 (Target one), and to ensure safe drinking water in Puntland by 2030. View Full-Text
Keywords: public private partnerships; SDGs; institutional setups; water supply; post-conflict services; Somalia public private partnerships; SDGs; institutional setups; water supply; post-conflict services; Somalia

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Jama, A.A.; Mourad, K.A. Water Services Sustainability: Institutional Arrangements and Shared Responsibilities. Sustainability 2019, 11, 916.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top