Next Article in Journal
Performance Evaluation of Distance Measurement Methods for Construction Noise Prediction Using Case-Based Reasoning
Previous Article in Journal
Impact of Climate on Food Security in Mainland China: A New Perspective Based on Characteristics of Major Agricultural Natural Disasters and Grain Loss
Article Menu
Issue 3 (February-1) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Factors Influencing Upcycling for UK Makers

Faculty of Arts, Design and Humanities, De Montfort University, Leicester LE1 9BH, UK
School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham NG1 4FQ, UK
School of Design, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9YL, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(3), 870;
Received: 16 January 2019 / Revised: 28 January 2019 / Accepted: 3 February 2019 / Published: 7 February 2019
PDF [1089 KB, uploaded 12 February 2019]


Changing consumer behaviour can reduce environmental impacts. Upcycling is one of the understudied yet promising, environmentally sustainable behaviours that has the potential to contribute to the reduction of waste and greenhouse gas emissions. This paper addresses this knowledge gap by exploring factors influencing upcycling for UK makers. The study employed a survey based on Triandis’s theory of interpersonal behaviour and Ajzen’s theory of planned behaviour. The survey results revealed key determinants of upcycling as attitude, intention, and subjective norm, and demographic characteristics of people who are more likely to upcycle frequently as females aged 30+ working in art and design. The paper further discusses the theoretical and practical implications of the study. View Full-Text
Keywords: scaling up; sustainable consumption; sustainable behaviour; theory of interpersonal behaviour; theory of planned behaviour; upcycling scaling up; sustainable consumption; sustainable behaviour; theory of interpersonal behaviour; theory of planned behaviour; upcycling

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Sung, K.; Cooper, T.; Kettley, S. Factors Influencing Upcycling for UK Makers. Sustainability 2019, 11, 870.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top