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Article

Sustainability Assessment of Annual and Permanent Crops: The Inspia Model

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ETSIAM, Campus de Rabanales, Universidad de Córdoba, Ctra, Nacional IV, km. 396, 14014 Córdoba, Spain
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European Conservation Agriculture Federation (ECAF). Rue de la Loi 6 Box 5, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
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Asociación Española de Agricultura de Conservación Suelos Vivos (AEAC.SV), Centro IFAPA Alameda del Obispo, Av. Menéndez Pidal s/n, 14004 Córdoba, Spain
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Institute of Mediterranean Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (ICAAM), Universidade de Évora, Polo da Mitra, Ap. 94, 7006-554 Évora, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(3), 738; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11030738
Received: 21 December 2018 / Revised: 17 January 2019 / Accepted: 29 January 2019 / Published: 31 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Crop Production Systems)
The Initiative for Sustainable Productive Agriculture (INSPIA) project promotes best management practices for agriculture, to enhance the provision of ecosystem services through better stewardship of soil and water resources while ensuring high levels of productivity. This paper presents the INSPIA methodology for the assessment of sustainability and for guiding farmers on strategic decision-making at farm level, applicable to any kind of cropland. The methodology is based on the application of 15 best management practices, which are assessed through a set of 31 basic sustainability indicators that cover the economic, social and environmental dimensions both agreed by a panel of experts. Basic indicators are then grouped into 12 aggregated indicators, to build the final INSPIA composite index. The INSPIA methodology provides farmers and advisers with a tool to understand sustainability and which, to a certain extent, serves to improve performance toward sustainability. Results are presented in three different ways: a bar diagram with the whole set of basic indicator-values; a pie chart representing the sustainability split in the aggregated indicators; and a final sustainability index. In the medium and long term, the INSPIA methodology can help to monitor and assess agricultural and environmental policy implementation, as well as help improve its decision-making processes in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable agriculture; best management practices; sustainability indicators; composite index; strategic decision-making sustainable agriculture; best management practices; sustainability indicators; composite index; strategic decision-making
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MDPI and ACS Style

Trivino-Tarradas, P.; Gomez-Ariza, M.R.; Basch, G.; Gonzalez-Sanchez, E.J. Sustainability Assessment of Annual and Permanent Crops: The Inspia Model. Sustainability 2019, 11, 738. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11030738

AMA Style

Trivino-Tarradas P, Gomez-Ariza MR, Basch G, Gonzalez-Sanchez EJ. Sustainability Assessment of Annual and Permanent Crops: The Inspia Model. Sustainability. 2019; 11(3):738. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11030738

Chicago/Turabian Style

Trivino-Tarradas, Paula, Manuel R. Gomez-Ariza, Gottlieb Basch, and Emilio J. Gonzalez-Sanchez. 2019. "Sustainability Assessment of Annual and Permanent Crops: The Inspia Model" Sustainability 11, no. 3: 738. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11030738

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