The randomness and volatility of wind power poses a serious threat to the stability, continuity, and adjustability of the power system when it is connected to the grid. Accurate short-term wind power prediction methods have important practical value for achieving high-precision prediction of wind farm power generation and safety and economic dispatch. Therefore, this paper proposes a novel combined model to improve the accuracy of short-term wind power prediction, which involves grey correlation degree analysis, ESMD (extreme-point symmetric mode decomposition), sample entropy (SampEn) theory, and a hybrid prediction model based on three prediction algorithms. The meteorological data at different times and altitudes is firstly selected as the influencing factors of wind power. Then, the wind power sub-series obtained by the ESMD method is reconstructed into three wind power characteristic components, namely PHC (high frequency component of wind power), PMC (medium frequency component of wind power), and PLC (low frequency component of wind power). Similarly, the wind speed sub-series obtained by the ESMD method is reconstructed into three wind speed characteristic components, called SHC (high frequency component of wind speed), SMC (medium frequency component of wind speed), and SLC (low frequency component of wind speed). Subsequently, the Bat-BP model, Adaboost-ENN model, and ENN (Elman neural network), which have high forecasting accuracy, are selected to predict PHC, PMC, and PLC, respectively. Finally, the prediction results of three characteristic components are aggregated into the final prediction values of the original wind power series. To evaluate the prediction performance of the proposed combined model, 15-min wind power and meteorological data from the wind farm in China are adopted as case studies. The prediction results show that the combined model shows better performance in short-term wind power prediction compared with other models.
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