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Assessment of Investment Attractiveness in European Countries by Artificial Neural Networks: What Competences are Needed to Make a Decision on Collective Well-Being?

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School of Economics and Business, Kaunas University of Technology, 44239 Kaunas, Lithuania
2
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Kaunas University of Technology, 44239 Kaunas, Lithuania
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(24), 6892; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11246892
Received: 24 October 2019 / Revised: 26 November 2019 / Accepted: 29 November 2019 / Published: 4 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Knowledge Management for Sustainability-oriented Performance)
A rich volume of literature has analysed country investment attractiveness in a wide range of contexts. The research has mostly focused on traditional economic concepts—economic, social, managerial, governmental, and geopolitical determinants—with a lack of focus on the smartness approach. Smartness is a social construct, which means that it has no objective presence but is “defined into existence”. It cannot be touched or measured based on uniform criteria but, rather, on the ones that are collectively agreed upon and stem from the nature of definition. Key determinants of smartness learning—intelligence, agility, networking, digital, sustainability, innovativeness and knowledgeability—serve as a platform for the deeper analysis of the research problem. In this article, we assessed country investment attractiveness through the economic subjects’ competences and environment empowering them to attract and maintain investments in the country. The country investment attractiveness was assessed by artificial intelligence (in particular, neural networks), which has found widespread application in the sciences and engineering but has remained rather limited in economics and confined to specific areas like counties’ investment attractiveness. The empirical research relies on the case of assessing investment attractiveness of 29 European countries by the use of 58 indicators and 31,958 observations of annual data of the 2000–2018 time period. The advantages and limitations of the use of artificial intelligence in assessing countries’ investment attractiveness proved the need for soft competences for work with artificial intelligence and decision-making based on the information gathered by such research. The creativity, intelligence, agility, networking, sustainability, social responsibility, innovativeness, digitality, learning, curiosity and being knowledge-driven are the competences that, together, are needed in all stages of economic analysis.
Keywords: investment attractiveness; artificial intelligence; neural networks; smartness; competences; comprehensive decision on collective well-being investment attractiveness; artificial intelligence; neural networks; smartness; competences; comprehensive decision on collective well-being
MDPI and ACS Style

Bruneckiene, J.; Jucevicius, R.; Zykiene, I.; Rapsikevicius, J.; Lukauskas, M. Assessment of Investment Attractiveness in European Countries by Artificial Neural Networks: What Competences are Needed to Make a Decision on Collective Well-Being? Sustainability 2019, 11, 6892.

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