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Correction published on 17 March 2021, see Sustainability 2021, 13(6), 3324.
Article

Postgraduate Education of Board Members and R&D Investment—Evidence from China

1
Institute of Education, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
2
School of Library and Information Science, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(22), 6524; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11226524
Received: 19 October 2019 / Revised: 12 November 2019 / Accepted: 18 November 2019 / Published: 19 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Higher Education in Innovation Ecosystems)
Increasing research and development (R&D) investment has been a common strategy to advance the sustainable development of economy and competitiveness across the world. Instead of external determinants, exploring the influence of internal factors such as the characteristics of board members is an important topic, yet under-researched. This article aims to reveal whether a firm’s R&D investment is related to the directors’ postgraduate education experience. Further, we want to explore whether this relationship shows heterogeneity in different industrial environments. We analyzed information from a sample of 1374 listed companies in China using descriptive statistics, ordinary least square (OLS) regression and instrumental variable (IV) estimation, and came to the following conclusions: First, the percentage of directors with doctorates significantly increases the chance of investing R&D activities. Second, in the second industry, the higher the proportion of postgraduate education degree holder as directors in a firm, the more expenditure the firm invests in R&D activities. Yet, there is no such association in the third industry. Finally, if a capital-driven strategy is adopted, directors with a master’s degree tend to reduce R&D investment in IT companies. Findings from this research not only enrich innovation management theory, upper echelon theory, and human capital theory, but also provide insights for corporate governance and national sustainable innovation. View Full-Text
Keywords: postgraduate education; education level; discipline background; graduation institution; R&D investment postgraduate education; education level; discipline background; graduation institution; R&D investment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, C.; Yang, J.; Cheng, Z.; Ni, C. Postgraduate Education of Board Members and R&D Investment—Evidence from China. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6524. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11226524

AMA Style

Wang C, Yang J, Cheng Z, Ni C. Postgraduate Education of Board Members and R&D Investment—Evidence from China. Sustainability. 2019; 11(22):6524. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11226524

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Chuanyi, Jiale Yang, Zhe Cheng, and Chaoqun Ni. 2019. "Postgraduate Education of Board Members and R&D Investment—Evidence from China" Sustainability 11, no. 22: 6524. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11226524

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