Next Article in Journal
Are Higher Input Levels to Triticale Growing Technologies Effective in Biofuel Production System?
Previous Article in Journal
Investigating the Impact of Critical Factors on Continuance Intention towards Cross-Border Shopping Websites
Open AccessArticle

The Impact of the Quality of Interpersonal Relationships between Employees on Counterproductive Work Behavior: A Study of Employees in Poland

Faculty of Economic Sciences and Management, University of Nicolaus Copernicus in Torun, Gagarina 13a, 87-100 Torun, Poland
Sustainability 2019, 11(21), 5916; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11215916
Received: 19 September 2019 / Revised: 21 October 2019 / Accepted: 22 October 2019 / Published: 24 October 2019
The purpose of the article is to determine how the quality of interpersonal relationships at work (QIRW) affects the extent of counterproductive work behavior (CWB), and whether this impact is moderated by employees’ demographic features (education, age, sex, length of service and type of work). These questions are particularly important for organizations that want to function sustainably, because counterproductive behavior also includes wasting resources, polluting the environment and using environmentally unfriendly products. The research objectives were met using a survey conducted in 2018 among 1488 professionally active people in Poland. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to analyze the empirical data. The proposed theoretical model was intended to determine how particular categories of relationship quality affect dimensions of CWB (which included taking into account employees’ aforementioned demographic features). I determined that relationship quality has an inverse relationship with counterproductive behavior of employees (the higher the quality, the lower the propensity for CWB), but there are also many paradoxes that I discuss in detail. Moreover, this impact is significantly moderated by employees’ demographic features (mainly education, type of work, length of service and sex). I also discuss the theoretical contributions, practical implications and limitations of this study, and directions for future research. View Full-Text
Keywords: quality of relationships at work; counterproductive work behaviors; counterproductive sustainability behaviors; demographic features quality of relationships at work; counterproductive work behaviors; counterproductive sustainability behaviors; demographic features
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Szostek, D. The Impact of the Quality of Interpersonal Relationships between Employees on Counterproductive Work Behavior: A Study of Employees in Poland. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5916.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop